Arctic Field Projects



Project Title: Development of a Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer for Measurements of Trace Gases in the Polar Troposphere (Award# 0421016)

PI: Bales, Roger (rbales@ucmerced.edu)
Phone: 0(209) 724.4348 
Institute/Department: U of California, Merced, School of Engineering 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\MRI
Program Manager: Dr. Martin Jeffries (martin.jeffries@navy.mil)
Discipline(s): | Instrument Development |

Project Web Site(s):
Institute: http://www.geosummit.org
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
The Arctic environment is undergoing rapid changes, possibly due in part to anthropogenic causes. A number of these changes involve interaction with, and possibly feedback from, the atmosphere, so it is particularly important to investigate and monitor processes that could amplify atmospheric change. Complex exchange processes in the ocean-ice-atmosphere system often influence the levels of important atmospheric trace gases, such as the hydroxyl radical and ozone, and trace species are also photochemically transformed or produced within the sunlit snowpack. Because changes in Arctic atmospheric circulation are cyclic over 4-5 year or longer times, long-duration measurements are needed to understand circulation and to place observed changes in a long-term perspective. This proposal will include the development of a new generation of multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instruments to continually measure concentrations of the important trace species formaldehyde (HCHO), nitrous acid (HONO), nitric oxide (NO2), and halogen oxides in the Arctic. The instrument will augment ongoing observations at the Summit Greenland Environmental Observatory (GEOSummit), located at an elevation of 3100 m on the Greenland ice sheet. GEOSummit is currently the only high-altitude site for atmospheric and related measurements in the Arctic. The proposal has a strong broader impacts, especially in the area of education.

Logistics Summary:
This project will develop, install, and operate a new generation of multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instruments that will measure atmospheric trace gas absorption as a supplement to ongoing observations at Summit Station. The investigators plan to install MAX-DOAS at Summit in 2006. After installation and testing, the instrument will operate autonomously year-round with station science technician support. The researchers will return annually throughout the life of the grant for service and maintenance. In 2007 and 2008, PI Stutz will do any work needed on the instrument while visiting Summit Station on the Jack Dibb-led collaborative (0612075) with which he also has a grant. In 2009, a team will visit Summit Station in May to remove MAX-DOAS instruments prior to the Green House relocation. CPS will support the project via science technician services and access to the Summit Station infrastructure.

SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2006Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 28 / 2006 08 / 23 / 20062
2006Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2006 08 / 18 / 20062
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2007Greenland - Summit0
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2008Greenland - Summit0
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 27 / 2009 06 / 06 / 20092
2009Greenland - Summit05 / 29 / 2009 06 / 04 / 20092
 


Project Title: Collaborative Research: Science Coordination Office for Summit Station, Greenland (Award# 0455623)

PI: Bales, Roger (rbales@ucmerced.edu)
Phone: 0(209) 724.4348 
Institute/Department: U of California, Merced, School of Engineering 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\RSL
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach | Legacy Projects |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
This activity will continue support for an office that assists the community of scientist that uses an international research site on the summit of the Greenland ice sheet. Over 20 groups from the U.S. and Europe are using the site and others have projects pending. One key to success of this shared facility is to closely coordinate measurements, share facility resources and exchange data of common interest between investigators to make most efficient use of the facility and resources. Since this coordination goes well beyond what individual investigators can efficiently do through one-to-one interactions, NSF has supported a Science Coordination Office (SCO) since 1999 to work with scientists, the logistic contractor and others to plan both near and long term activities that require strong involvement from the science community. This proposal provides for continuation of the SCO, which has three main objectives: Plan and coordinating measurements including sharing of facilities and personnel, data and requests to funding agencies for upgrades and maintenance to facilitate science;working with the logistics contractor and NSF to plan, develop and operate the station to serve a growing international and multidisciplinary community while maintaining scientific integrity of the site during the transition; and carrying out strategic planning, working with international and national agencies who are involved with supporting activities at Summit, facilitating communication between investigators and reporting to funding agencies.

Logistics Summary:
The Summit Science Coordination Office (SCO) was established to coordinate measurements between investigators and the sharing of facilities and personnel on-site; to provide scientific requirements to NSF, its support contractor and European partners as the facility is developed; and to stimulate sharing of data among science projects. In support of these goals, SCO members will conduct regular trips to Summit, often combined with already-planned fieldwork in support of other grants. CPS will work closely with the SCO to develop and implement plans for Summit that meet the evolving needs of the science community. In 2007, 2008 and 2009 one member of this SCO grant will travel to Summit, Greenland. In 2010 SCO members will visit Summit as part of other planned deployments. CPS will work closely with the SCO in developing and implementing plans for Summit that meet the evolving needs of the science community.

SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2005Greenland - Summit0
2006Greenland - Summit0
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 18 / 2007 06 / 22 / 20071
2007Greenland - Summit06 / 19 / 2007 06 / 21 / 20071
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 21 / 2008 08 / 24 / 20082
2008Greenland - Summit07 / 22 / 2008 08 / 21 / 20082
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 17 / 2009 08 / 24 / 20091
2009Greenland - Summit08 / 18 / 2009 08 / 21 / 20091
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2010Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: NSF Office of Polar Programs UV Spectral Irradiance Monitoring Network (UVSIMN) (Award# 0907819)

PI: Bernhard, Germar Hermann (bernhard@biospherical.com)
Phone: 0(619) 686.1888 
Institute/Department: Biospherical Instruments, Inc.,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. Martin Jeffries (martin.jeffries@navy.mil)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate\Radiation |

Project Web Site(s):
Institute: http://www.biospherical.com/NSF/default.asp
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
The National Science Foundation (NSF) Ultraviolet (UV) Spectroradiometer Network was established in 1987 by the Division of Polar Programs in response to serious ozone depletion reported in Antarctica. Biospherical Instruments installed the first instruments in 1988 and has operated the network continuously since. The network was the first automated, high-resolution UV scanning spectroradiometer network in the world. It continues to successfully operate in the harshest environments on Earth (Antarctica and the Arctic), and is currently providing data to researchers studying the effects of ozone depletion on terrestrial and marine biological systems. Network data is also used to ground-truth satellite observations, develop and verify models of atmospheric light transmission, and evaluate ozone depletion impacts. The network currently consists of seven SUV-100 scanning spectroradiometers installed at three sites in Antarctica (McMurdo Station, Palmer Station, and South Pole Station), one site in Argentina (Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego), two sites in the United States (Barrow, AK, and San Diego. CA) and one in Greenland (Summit Station). The San Diego site is a multi-purpose system facility, and used for training site operators, testing new configurations, and collecting data. Dependent on the time of the year, solar scans are conducted quarter-hourly when the sun is above the horizon. A complementary GUV filter-detector spectroradiometer is part of the system, which provides one minute averaged global irradiance values at several UV wavelengths. Ancillary data (Eppley PSP, Total Scene Irradiance (TSI) sensor, various system temperatures, and monochromator position) are collected over 24 hours at intervals ranging from 1 to 60 minutes. Data are collected on a reduced schedule at night. At sites inside the Arctic or Antarctic circles, instrument operation is on a reduced scan schedule during the winter darkness. Dependent on internet bandwidth and connection reliability, objectives for data availability are: -Real-time data updates (hourly - limited due to bandwidth) from the GUV filter-detector radiometers. This data will have one-minute resolution (an average of 60-120 samples per channel, per minute), of 30+ data products, available as it is for our other sites (except Ushuaia, where a fixed-IP full time internet connection is cost prohibitive). - Weekly updates of "preliminary" data from the SUV scanning spectroradiometers, as available at: www.biospherical.com/nsf/login/update.asp. - Post-processed, final QA/QC'd data products, including full spectra, are made available on a schedule to be determined – typically annual. These data are characteristically the same as what can be obtained at www.biospherical.com/nsf/login/login.asp. - Additional data products; weighted integrals, preliminary spectra, etc. from the SUVs, with greater frequency of availability, in support of specific scientific protocols.

Logistics Summary:
Biospherical Instruments Inc. (BSI) operates the NSF OPP’s Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitoring Network (UVSIMN). One of the UVSIMN's systems is located at Summit, Greenland. Another is operated in a laboratory at Ukpeagvik Iñupiat Corporation-Naval Arctic Research Laboratory at Barrow, Alaska. This award is a short-term bridge between the former funding mechanism (contract) and the new funding mechanism (AON award). It covers the calendar year of 2009. For information regarding the project’s prior logistics, see UVSIMN in this database. For follow-on work, see 0856268. BSI personnel visit Barrow, AK, and Summit Station, Greenland as needed to perform system calibrations, service, and engineering upgrades to the system. On-site personnel will assist BSI – principally in the areas of IT support, communications, and cargo logistics. In 2009 BSI personnel will visit Summit, Greenland, twice due to the relocation of the Green House building at Summit, to which the BSI instruments are mounted. During the first of these visits in mid June, one person will perform system characterizations, followed by removal of the UVISMN from the Green House for its relocation. The second visit in early August will involve two personnel conducting system reinstallation in the Green House, system service, engineering upgrades, and system characterization. On-site personnel will assist BSI – principally in the areas of system removal/storage/reinstallation, system characterization, IT support/communications, and cargo logistics.

CPS will provide ANG clearances for personnel and cargo, KISS and Summit user days, and access to services and infrastructure at Summit. The PI/ PM will arrange/pay for all other logistics through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)01 / 21 / 2009 02 / 07 / 20091
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 18 / 2009 08 / 06 / 20091
2009Greenland - Summit06 / 19 / 2009 08 / 04 / 20091
 


Project Title: NOAA Summit Clean Air Program (Award# NOAASummit)

PI: Butler, James H (James.H.Butler@noaa.gov)
Phone: 0(303) 497.6898 
Institute/Department: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, Global Monitoring Division 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\DOC\NOAA
Program Manager: Dr. Jennifer Mercer (jmercer@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/aero/
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/hats/
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ozwv/
Media: http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2005/s2393.htm

Science Summary:
Researchers at NOAA’s Earth System Research Lab (ESRL) Global Monitoring Division (GMD) conduct continuous measurements of atmospheric composition at Summit Station to better understand changes occurring in the Arctic and Earth system. Continuous measurements include: 1. Halocarbon and other Atmospheric Trace Gases (HATS) Flasks: weekly to biweekly air sampling collection to measure trace gases that are important components of global halocarbon chemistry. These measurements have been ongoing since 2004. 2. Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gas (CCGG) Flasks: weekly air sampling experiment to analyze levels of trace gases that are part of the global carbon cycle. These measurements were taken during winter of 1997-1998, 2000-2001, 2001-2002, and have been on-going since the 2003-2004 winter period. 3. In-situ Aerosol Sampling Suite: continual measurements of aerosol optical properties to determine aerosol radiative effects. These measurements were initiated in 2003 with an updated suite of instruments in 2009. 4. Surface ozone measurements: continual tropospheric air sampling efforts for ozone levels. These measurements were taken from 2000 to 2002, and from 2003 on. 5. Balloon-borne ozonesondes: measurements of year-round ozone atmospheric profiles. These measurements were first conducted during the late-winter of 2005. 6. In-situ Monitoring with the Chromatograph for Atmospheric Trace Species (CATS): a three-channel gas chromatograph performs hourly measurements of ozone depleting gases identified in the Montreal Protocol and amendments including nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, CFC-12, CFC-11, CFC-113, chloroform, methyl chloroform, and carbon tetrachloride. These measurements began in 2007. 7. Surface Meteorology: continuous measurements of surface meteorological properties to support both science and flight operations. These measurements have been continuous since summer 2005. 8. Surface Solar Radiation: continuous measurements of broadband solar and thermal radiation. These measurements began in 2013 with additional instruments added in 2016.

Logistics Summary:
For this NOAA program, on-site science technicians maintain a suite of year-round measurements on behalf of NOAA researchers. These measurements began in the mid 1990s and are ongoing (part of GEOSummit since 2003). NOAA representatives visit Summit Station annually to install / maintain instruments, train science technicians, and conduct measurements. Starting in 2005, NOAA began staffing science technician rotations as Summit Station during the winter phases. Beginning in 2008 NOAA increased staffing to be year-round. Monitoring projects on site include: carbon cycle gas sampling flasks, black carbon measurement, halocarbons and trace species flask sampling, meteorology suite, stratospheric ozonesondes, aerosol measurements, surface ozone measurements, and an in-situ gas chromatograph for greenhouse gas measurements. NOAA will continue to collaborate with Georgia Tech on activities related to the aerosol instrument suite that was previously installed and maintained by the Bergin project (NSF grant #1023227). NOAA program highlights at Summit Station over the last few years include: - During summer 2007 a four channel gas chromatograph was added to the suite of NOAA instruments. - During summer 2008, in addition to ongoing work, researchers extended the ozonesonde experiment by launching about 20 additional balloons in April and again in July for an intensive field campaign. - In February 2009, a NOAA staff member flew to Summit Station via the Twin Otter on a crew turnover flight to repair an instrument, departing the station on the return flight approximately one week later. - During August 2009, the NOAA field coordinator attended an on-site planning meeting. - In 2010, in addition to ongoing measurements, CPS staff relocated the Temporary Atmospheric Watch Observatory (TAWO) and instrument tower (where the NOAA instruments are mounted) to approximately 1 km south of Summit Station. - During 2011 and 2012 the NOAA field coordinator made a routine visit to Summit Station for instrument maintenance. - During 2013 the TAWO building was lifted and the TAWO tower was extended. The on-site science technicians coordinated with the Boulder-based NOAA team to support the instrumentation during the transition. - Also during 2013, the NOAA ESRL GMD deputy director traveled to Summit Station in late June for a site visit. During 2014, one NOAA researcher will travel to Summit in June for maintenance and upgrade activities. NOAA will continue to hire and deploy science technicians for all the three staffing phases. During 2015, three researchers will travel to Summit in June, July, and August for maintenance and upgrade activities. These include upgrading the meteorological sensor suite, assisting with the science impacts from the TAWO facility raise project, and performing a quality control visit to evaluate the setup of the aerosol measuring suite of instrumentation. In 2016, NOAA researchers will travel to Summit to relocate the meteorological suite of instruments from the TAWO tower to the 50m tower, install broadband solar radiometers to inter-compare with existing solar measurements from Summit station, reinstall instrument inlets on the TAWO inlet mast, and potentially reconfigure the TAWO interior layout of instruments to optimize the available footprint. Additionally, NOAA is planning to modify the CATS GC to eliminate methane containing P5 carrier gas to directly address concerns about elevated methane levels within the facility. In 2017 a field team of two will demobilize a portion of the NOAA project activities including the ozonesonde system and materials, the CATS GC, and the solar radiation suite (contingent on the timing of calibrated radiometers being returned by the Steffen/NASAAWS project). The field team will also recover components of the meteorological suite from the failed 50m tower and re-install met instruments on the TAWO tower which was relocated 80m south TAWO during June 2017. The science technician position provided via inter-agency transfer will be ended on or about 28 August 2017. Researchers may return in 2018, details are TBD.

CPS will coordinate personnel and cargo transport to and from Summit, provide access to Summit Station infrastructure, Summit user days, Kangerlussuaq user days, and science technician support with tasking shared between the NOAA and CPS year-round technicians. The PI will arrange and pay for all other logistics through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
1997Greenland - Summit0
1998Greenland - Summit0
2000Greenland - Summit0
2001Greenland - Summit0
2002Greenland - Summit0
2003Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 28 / 2003 08 / 16 / 20032
2003Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2003 08 / 14 / 20032
2004Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 13 / 2004 06 / 26 / 20041
2004Greenland - Summit06 / 14 / 2004 06 / 24 / 20041
2005Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 09 / 2005 12 / 31 / 20054
2005Greenland - Summit02 / 11 / 2005 12 / 31 / 20054
2006Greenland - Kangerlussuaq01 / 01 / 2006 12 / 31 / 20063
2006Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2006 12 / 31 / 20063
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq01 / 01 / 2007 07 / 27 / 20073
2007Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2007 07 / 26 / 20073
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 04 / 2008 11 / 13 / 20086
2008Greenland - Summit02 / 15 / 2008 11 / 13 / 20086
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 05 / 2009 10 / 30 / 20094
2009Greenland - Summit02 / 09 / 2009 08 / 21 / 20093
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 02 / 2010 12 / 31 / 20108
2010Greenland - Summit02 / 02 / 2010 12 / 31 / 20108
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq01 / 01 / 2011 11 / 08 / 20116
2011Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2011 12 / 31 / 20116
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq01 / 01 / 2012 08 / 22 / 20125
2012Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2012 12 / 31 / 20126
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 21 / 2013 08 / 21 / 20135
2013Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2013 12 / 31 / 20137
2014Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 02 / 2014 06 / 30 / 20143
2014Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2014 12 / 31 / 20144
2015Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 29 / 2015 08 / 22 / 20154
2015Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2015 10 / 16 / 20155
2016Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 23 / 2016 08 / 19 / 20163
2016Greenland - Summit06 / 25 / 2016 08 / 17 / 20163
2017Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 19 / 2017 08 / 01 / 20172
2017Greenland - Summit07 / 21 / 2017 07 / 30 / 20172
2018Greenland - Kangerlussuaq2
2018Greenland - Summit2
 


Project Title: Greenland seismic earthquake traverse (Award# DJSeismic)

PI: Dahl-Jensen, Trine (tdj@geus.dk)
Phone: 45( ) 814.2519 
Institute/Department: Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Danish Lithosphere Center 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: DK\Research/Higher Ed\GEUS
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Geological Sciences |

Project Web Site(s):
Initiative: http://www.geosummit.org/

Science Summary:
This project will place a series of seismic earthquake stations along a profile from Kap Brewster (just south of Scoresby Sund) and approx .700 km in over t he ice, just crossing the ice divide about 200 km south of Summit Camp.

Logistics Summary:
The PI (University of Copenhagen) has funds to place a series of seismic earthquake stations along a profile from Kap Brewster near Scoresby Sund, on Greenland's east coast, approximately 700 km over the ice cap, just crossing the ice divide about 200 km south of Summit Station. The stations on ice will be placed by a TO on skis. In early June, the researchers will use Summit as a staging area to install the monument closest to the station, overnighting there for several nights with the Twin Otter team. In 2009, a team member and about 1000 kg of equipment will fly to Summit via the LC-130 logistics chain in Kangerlussuaq, arriving prior to the Twin Otter-supported group. The team will then install the seismometer, and refuel the Twin prior to departing the station. Note: in 2010, a Danish team led by Hans Thybo conducted maitenance on some or all of these instruments (see the record in this database for HTSeismic).

On a direct-billable basis, CPS will provide ANG transport of one team member and cargo, and access to infrastructure and services at Summit Station for a team of 5. The PI will make/pay for all other logistics herself.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 04 / 2009 06 / 09 / 20095
2009Greenland - Summit06 / 04 / 2009 06 / 09 / 20095
 


Project Title: Collaborative research: A synthesis of existing and new observations of air-snowpack exchanges to assess the Arctic tropospheric ozone budget (Award# 0713992)

PI: Doskey, Paul V (pvdoskey@mtu.edu)
Phone: 0(906) 487.2745 
Institute/Department: Michigan Technological University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\ARCSS
Program Manager: Dr. Neil Swanberg (nswanber@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
IPY: http://archive.is/www.igac.noaa.gov
IPY: http://classic.ipy.org/development/eoi/proposal-de...
IPY: http://classic.ipy.org/index.php
Data: http://nsidc.org/
IPY: http://transport.nilu.no/projects/polarcat-1
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...
Data: https://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/arcss/

Science Summary:
Chemical and biological processes occurring within, above, and below snowpacks influence tropospheric ozone. Measurements available to date and simplified modeling studies indicate that the resulting impact on tropospheric O3 is significant, but available measurements and current modeling capabilities are insufficient for a quantitative estimate of its magnitude. It is of particular importance to improve our understanding of snowpack-atmosphere O3 exchanges because of on going and expected future alterations in snow, sea-ice and permafrost extent resulting from climate change, which will alter snowpack O3 impacts in the future. This project provides an integrated approach to address this need, using field measurements to fill key gaps in current knowledge and synthesizing the new and existing data into a chemistry-climate model. The investigators will measure air-snow exchange fluxes of O3 and NOx (NO+NO2) at multiple sites with different snow/land types, each for an extended period to capture effects of changing insolation, snowpack properties and (where applicable) soil temperature and soil NOx emissions. Measurements will include O3 and NOx levels and gradients both within and above the snowpack and eddy-correlation O3 fluxes at two heights above the snowpack; ancillary measurements will characterize atmospheric turbulence, actinic flux, micrometeorological parameters and the snowpack's physical and radiative properties. The team will develop new parameterizations of snowpack processes and incorporate these into single column model (SCM) versions of the global chemistry-climate models ECHAM4 and ECHAM5-MESSy. These parameterizations will be designed to describe the underlying processes and to capture variations among the available and new field measurements, which will be used for model evaluation. The new model system will be used to simulate the impact of air-snow O3 and NOx exchange upon the arctic tropospheric O3 budget.

Logistics Summary:
Researchers on this collaborative project, Doskey (MTU, 0713992, LEAD) and Helmig (CU,0713943), will conduct extensive campaign ozone and nitric oxide measurements from 2008-2011. They will work at three main sites: Summit, Greenland, representing glacial snowpack; Toolik Lake, Alaska, representing snowpack above permafrost soil and snowpack above frozen lakes; and the Michigan Tech Aspen-FACE research site, representing snowpack above biologically active soil (activities at the latter site will not be covered in this database). For the work at Summit, a research team of about 3 will set up their experiment during a 12-week long campaign at the station starting in June 2008. The tasking will include installing a new ozone instrument and a new nitric oxide instrument. The researchers intend to make the experiment operational coincident with POLARCAT (aircraft based pollution studies) flights over Summit, as the researchers will take simultaneous measurements for cross-validation. When the installation is completed, 1-3 researchers will remain on site, the first in a series of occupations as the team rotates through Summit through station closing on August 22, 2008. During this period, the team member will maintain the instruments and conduct intensive measurements. These include eddy correlation flux measurements, vertical gradients of O3 and NOx, and snowpack measurements. As needed, the station’s technical staff will assist the researcher. A subset of the instruments will be operated over the winter period by Summit staff members. The team will return to Summit with this experiment during the spring of 2009 for a second campaign running through the summer. A third study period involving on-site researchers at Summit will begin in April 2010 and end in late July 2010. Then, the team will dismantle the instruments and ship them to Toolik Lake research facility in Alaska. Personnel/support for some Summit Station activities are combined with the PI's NASA grant (see the record for NASAPolarcat in this database). The field team information for both grants will be carried under this record. (Note: the Summit campaign, originally to end in April 2010, was granted an extension by the NSF through July, 2010). In September, 2010, a team of 4 will travel to Toolik Field Station to install the same instruments. A team member will return at 3-week intervals to maintain the instruments and conduct the same suite of experiments as they will have done at Summit. The instruments will be removed in May/June 2012. The team will travel to Michigan's Upper Peinsula for a winter season in 2009-2010. This work is part of IPY activity #213, “Air-Ice Chemical Interactions,” or AICI, and is collaborative with IPY activity #32, POLARCAT (“Polar Study using Aircraft, Remote Sensing, Surface Measurements and Models, of Climate, Chemistry, Aerosols, and Transport “).

For the work in Greenland, CPS will provide ANG coordination (and air charters as needed to access Summit during non-seasonal periods), user days at Kangerlussuaq and Summit, and access to support infrastructure and services at the station, including science technical services. In addition, CPS shipped gases in advance for the summer of 2008 and 2009. Gases leftover from 2009 will be used for the summer of 2010. For the work in Alaska, CPS will provide Toolik user days, provision of a vehicle, construction support to power the PIs' instrument sites and in 2011 only- freight reimbursement. IAB will provide infrastructure support and services at Toolik. The researchers will pay all other costs from the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 28 / 2008 08 / 24 / 200810
2008Greenland - Summit05 / 29 / 2008 08 / 22 / 200810
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 02 / 2009 08 / 24 / 20093
2009Greenland - Summit06 / 04 / 2009 08 / 21 / 20093
2010Alaska - Toolik08 / 31 / 2010 09 / 15 / 20104
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 21 / 2010 07 / 31 / 20105
2010Greenland - Summit04 / 24 / 2010 07 / 30 / 20105
2011Alaska - Toolik01 / 10 / 2011 05 / 12 / 20115
2012Alaska - Toolik05 / 20 / 2012 05 / 25 / 20122
 


Project Title: Biomass-burning and anthropogenic impacts on arctic tropospheric chemistry (Award# NASAPolarcat)

PI: Helmig, Detlev (detlev.helmig@colorado.edu)
Phone: 0(303) 492.2509 
Institute/Department: U of Colorado, Boulder, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research 
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NASA
Program Manager: Dr. Thomas Wagner (thomas.wagner@nasa.gov)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
IPY: http://classic.ipy.org/index.php
Project: http://transport.nilu.no/projects/polarcat-1
Institute: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/~lkramer/polarcat/polarcat....

Science Summary:
Although it is a remote region, the Arctic is impacted by boreal biomass-burning and anthropogenic emissions that significantly alter tropospheric composition, affecting levels of ozone and ozone precursors and causing radiative and air quality impacts. These impacts have large seasonal and interannual variability and are expected to respond to climate change, as a result of dependencies on boreal wildfire emissions and the state of the North Atlantic Oscillation. To quantify these impacts, information on the ozone-precursor families nitrogen oxides and non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) is needed. However, continuous in-situ high-altitude measurements are required for this purpose and are not available at any Arctic station. We propose to make continuous year-round measurements of total reactive nitrogen oxides, PAN, NOx, and NMHC at the high-altitude (3208 m) GEO-Summit Station in Greenland, for a period of 2 years. These measurements will be analyzed in conjunction with FLEXPART transport modeling and simultaneous observations of CO, ozone, and black carbon to identify sources and impacts of both anthropogenic and biomass-burning emissions, with a focus on impacts on arctic tropospheric ozone, ozone precursors, and OH levels and consideration of potential feedbacks upon snowpack photochemistry. This proposal responds to the ROSES-2006 A.16 (International Polar Year) solicitation for individual US investigator participation in multinational field activities carried out as part of IPY. The proposed research is part of the multinational IPY POLARCAT study. Integration with POLARCAT will make available FLEXPART and other modeling and satellite products that will increase the value of the proposed measurements, and the Summit observations will provide seasonal and interannual context for intensive measurements associated with POLARCAT. The results will contribute to multiple NASA strategic science goals involving understanding and predicting current and future atmospheric composition as it relates to climate forcing and air quality.

Logistics Summary:
For this NASA project, the investigators will make continuous year-round measurements of a suite of nitrogen oxides and nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC) at Summit Station, Greenland, and then will analyze them in conjunction with transport simulations and simultaneous observations of carbon monoxide, ozone, selected chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and black carbon particles. A research team of ~3 will install project instruments during an ~ 3-week stay in early summer, 2008, in time to coordinate project measurements with overflights by the IPY POLARCAT project airplane. The experiment will be operated continuously from June of 2008 until August of 2010. The research team will return to Summit for at least 3 weeks during 2009; on-station science technical staff will run the experiment in their absence. The team will return for 3-5 weeks during the summer of 2010 to finish the experiment and remove the instruments. Some field activities, including logistics for participant travel, for this project may be combined with the PI's NSF grant (see the record for 0713992 in this database). This project is part of IPY activity #32, POLARCAT, and is funded through NASA ROSES 2006 NRA.

CPS support includes ANG coordination of cargo/personnel, provision of Kangerlussuaq user days, access to the Summit infrastructure and services (including ~4 hours weekly of science technical support), and procurement of compressed gasses. CPS shipped gases in advance for the summer of 2008 and 2009. Gases leftover from 2009 will be used for the summer of 2010. NSF will recoup the cost of CPS support via an interagency funds transfer.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2008Greenland - Summit0
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 03 / 2009 08 / 24 / 20093
2009Greenland - Summit02 / 09 / 2009 08 / 21 / 20093
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2010Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: Measuring and modelling the Raymond Effect to infer low strain-rate ice rheology (Award# NERCRadar)

PI: Hindmarsh, Richard C.A. (rcah@bas.ac.uk)
Phone: 44GB(122) 322.1495 
Institute/Department: British Antarctic Survey, Physical Sciences Division 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: GB\Federal\NERC
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere |

Project Web Site(s):

Science Summary:
The rate at which ice flows into the sea from the large ice sheets directly affects sea level. The forces that drive this flow are controlled by the increasingly well-known geometry of the ice-sheets, but the resistance to flow depends upon the viscous properties of ice. Ice has the peculiar property that the viscosity depends upon the rate at which the ice is deforming. This sensitivity is usually described with the Glen index. Recent theoretical studies have shown that our knowledge of the Glen index is not sufficiently developed to accurately predict very basic outcomes of marine ice-sheet change during glacial cycles; and predict the spatial dimensions of surface response in ice streams to a better accuracy than current satellite measurements. In many field measurements it is difficult to characterize the stresses very well and to know how the provenance of the ice has affected measurements. The researchers will go to divide locations where the stress field can be characterized well and the provenance is very well constrained. Radar layers provide markers within the ice, and their vertical displacement over relatively short time periods can be measured using interferometric phase-sensitive radar techniques. This will provide instantaneous vertical velocity fields and strain-rate fields in the upper third to a half of the ice field. GPS techniques will also be used to measure surface strain-rates, which can be compared with the vertical strain-rates derived from the radar. Measurements will be made at GRIP (Greenland) and at Dome C (Antarctica). At divide locations the velocity field is especially sensitive to the Glen index, and this is particularly the case in the upper part of the ice. The researchers will use full-system modeling to determine the Glen index that best fits the data, and thereby measure the Glen index in the field in a well-controlled location.

Logistics Summary:
With this NERC-funded project, a research team will conduct radar studies during two field seasons at the site of a former deep core-drilling project called GRIP, in Greenland; and at Dome C in Antarctica. This database carries information on the arctic work only. During two consecutive field seasons starting in 2008, a field team will travel to Summit Station, Greenland, via the NSF logistics chain from Kangerlussuaq. They will base at the station for about two weeks each season and travel via snowmachine to the study site, GRIP, which is about 30 km from Summit. There, they will use a stationary radar to survey a transect about 10 km long. They will take data about every 200m. The work should be finished in about five days (additional time is built in to the schedule for weather delays). In 2008, a team of three will travel to Summit from Europe early in May. The PI will work on the ice cap for about one week; his two team members will remain after his departure for the rest of the month to complete the field work. The researchers will both tent camp and make day trips to their field site. The field plan amounts to about 700 km of snowmachine travel. In addition to the radar survey, the team will make a topographic survey of the radar survey area to cover the footprint of a Danish survey over-flight. This will involve traversing parallel tracks into the radar survey area and a small additional survey grid. The four elements of the survey in order of priority are: (1) Do the five lines (five days). The most northerly line (5H north of Divide) will be done first. (2) Repeat the first line (the most northerly line) as late as possible. (3) Do CMP work. (4) Do polarimetric measurements. In 2009, a team of 2 will return to Summit Station for 2-3 weeks of measurements in May.

For each year of the grant, CPS will provide transport to and from Summit for personnel and cargo, Kangerlussuaq and Summit user days, use of on-site Summit facilities and equipment, including snowmachines a sled, fuel, and a generator. CPS will provide this support on a cost-reimbursable basis. All other support will be arranged by the PI and paid from the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Greenland - GRIP05 / 12 / 2008 05 / 29 / 20082
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 04 / 2008 06 / 02 / 20083
2008Greenland - Summit05 / 08 / 2008 05 / 29 / 20083
2009Greenland - GRIP05 / 12 / 2009 05 / 28 / 20092
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 08 / 2009 06 / 01 / 20092
2009Greenland - Summit05 / 12 / 2009 05 / 29 / 20092
 


Project Title: Danish Automatic Weather Station (Award# DKAWS)

PI: Kern-Hansen, Claus (CKH@dmi.dk )
Phone: 45(391) 57580 
Institute/Department: Danish Meteorological Institute,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: DK\Federal\MT\DMI
Program Manager: Dr. Jennifer Mercer (jmercer@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
Institute: http://www.dmi.dk/en/vejr/
Initiative: http://www.geosummit.org/

Science Summary:
The Danish Meteorological Institute operates an Autonomous Weather Station (AWS) at Summit. This AWS is part of a network that provides forecasting and warning services as well as continuous monitoring of weather, sea state, climate, and related environmental conditions in the atmosphere, over land and in the sea.

Logistics Summary:
When required for AWS maintenance, the principal investigator and sometimes another team member will spend two to three days annually tent-camping at Summit Station. At Summit Station, he/they will remove snow from around the AWS as well as inspect and provide maintenance to the station. In 2007, the team dug out and elevated the weather station by 1 meter.

CPS will provide ANG transport between Kangerlussuaq and Summit Station and Summit user days. The PI will arrange and pay for all other logistics, including KISS user days.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
1997Greenland - Summit1
1998Greenland - Summit1
1999Greenland - Summit1
2000Greenland - Summit07 / 17 / 2001 07 / 19 / 20011
2002Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 08 / 2002 06 / 14 / 20022
2002Greenland - Summit06 / 10 / 2002 06 / 13 / 20022
2003Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 28 / 2003 08 / 02 / 20033
2003Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2003 08 / 01 / 20032
2004Greenland - Summit0
2005Greenland - Summit1
2006Greenland - Summit08 / 20 / 2006 08 / 21 / 20062
2007Greenland - Summit06 / 19 / 2007 06 / 21 / 20072
2008Greenland - Summit0
2009Greenland - Summit0
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 23 / 2010 06 / 30 / 20102
2010Greenland - Summit06 / 25 / 2010 06 / 28 / 20102
2011Greenland - Summit0
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 05 / 2012 06 / 13 / 20122
2012Greenland - Summit06 / 06 / 2012 06 / 11 / 20122
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 30 / 2013 06 / 05 / 20132
2013Greenland - Summit05 / 31 / 2013 06 / 04 / 20132
2014Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 10 / 2014 07 / 17 / 20142
2014Greenland - Summit07 / 11 / 2014 07 / 16 / 20142
2015Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 30 / 2015 06 / 07 / 20152
2015Greenland - Summit06 / 03 / 2015 06 / 09 / 20152
2016Greenland - Summit0
2017Greenland - Kangerlussuaq2
2017Greenland - Summit2
2018Greenland - Kangerlussuaq2
2018Greenland - Summit2
 


Project Title: Continued Core Atmospheric and Snow Measurements at the Summit, Greenland Environmental Observatory (Award# 0856845)

PI: McConnell, Joseph R ( joe.mcconnell@dri.edu)
Phone: 0(775) 673.7348 
Institute/Department: Desert Research Institute, Division of Hydrologic Sciences 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. William Ambrose (wambrose@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere | Geological Sciences | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
Data: http://www.aoncadis.org/projects/continued_core_at...
Institute: http://www.geosummit.org/
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...
Data: https://arcticdata.io/

Science Summary:
This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This award supports the continuation and expansion of long-term measurements of the Arctic atmosphere, snow, and other Earth system components at the Summit, Greenland, Environmental Observatory (GEOSummit). The original measurement program began in 2003 and contributes to the Arctic Observing Network (AON) and the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH). Year-round measurements at least 10 years in duration are required to observe and quantify the roles of large-scale, multiyear oscillations in oceanic and atmospheric circulation (e.g., Arctic Oscillation) as well as long-term changes in industrial emissions and land use. Long-term, broad-spectrum, and high-time-resolution measurements also are required to determine transport pathways and other linkages between low- and mid-latitude industrial emission sources and Arctic climate. Because transport pathways vary strongly with altitude and Summit is the only high elevation observing site in the Arctic and well separated from local emission sources, it is an essential node in AON. Located at an elevation of 3,100 m on the Greenland ice sheet, GEOSummit is part of a network that includes sites at Barrow, Alaska; Alert, Canada; and Mt. Zeppelin, Svalbard. The "Broader Impacts" of these observations are numerous and include the potential to transform understanding of the role of natural and anthropogenic aerosols in climate forcing, to improve climate models and the prediction of future Arctic environmental change, and to enhance the interpretation of ice core records of paleo-environmental variability. The program also will include education and training, with an emphasis on the participation of under-represented groups, through the involvement of undergraduate and graduate students, and a postdoctoral associate.

Logistics Summary:
This grant continues measurements begun under grant #0336450 (Bales). The goal of the project is to continue and expand ongoing long-term measurements of the arctic atmosphere, snow, and other Earth system components at the Summit Greenland Environmental Observatory (GEOSummit). The long-term measurements program at GEOSummit is a close partnership between the Desert Research Institute (DRI), University of California (UC-Merced, UC-Davis), NOAA’s Global Monitoring Division (GMD), and others. The Long Term Observations (LTO) grant funds a suite of year-round measurements from 2009 through 2014, supported by on-site science technicians. In addition to the LTO measurements, Summit Station technical staff will carry out measurements initiated by investigators under other grants, including a significant sampling campaign by NOAA, Baseline Surface Radiation Network, and 50-meter tower experiments at Summit. During campaigns each summer, the research team will conduct field measurements and instrument maintenance. The research deployments will occur seperately for different investigators associated with the project. Additionally, the Steffen deployment to support this project will be conduted in conjunction with the NASAAWS effort. On-site science technicians will take over on year-round measurements when the research team is not on-site. In 2010, PolarTREC teacher, James Pottinger (0956825JP) will join the team for their fieldwork at Summit Station. This project’s field work in June 2011 will involve a team of six—three researchers and again PolarTREC teacher James Pottinger for co-PI Koni Steffen; and a team of two researchers for PI Joe McConnell. The Steffen team will fly to Summit Station in early June via Twin Otter; about a week later, the McConnell team will arrive at Summit via the ANG logistics chain from Kangerlussuaq. In 2013, the ongoing research will be supported with a late-May site visit from a team of four researchers led by co-PI Konrad Steffen. While at Summit the team will service the AWS, the BSRN instruments, and the lower level of the 50-meter tower. The team will arrive and depart Summit Station via Twin Otter as part of the NASAAWS effort. In addition, in July of 2013, one team member will make a trip to Summit to repair an instrument. In 2014, the ongoing research will be supported with a late-May site visit from a team of four researchers led by co-PI Konrad Steffen. While at Summit the team will service the AWS, the BSRN instruments, and the lower level of the 50-meter tower. The team will arrive and depart Summit Station via Twin Otter as part of the NASA AWS effort.

CPS will provide ANG coordination for shipment of cargo and cold samples, user days and access to the Summit Station infrastructure, science technician services (including instrument operation, maintenance, and sample collection), ISC boxes and supplies, Milli-Q filters and other assorted materials, and access to the existing 50-meter tower (either training for grantees or an appropriately trained science technician). The researchers will pay for other costs through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq2
2009Greenland - Summit2
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 12 / 2010 08 / 22 / 20104
2010Greenland - Summit08 / 13 / 2010 08 / 20 / 20104
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 07 / 2011 06 / 15 / 20112
2011Greenland - Summit06 / 03 / 2011 06 / 13 / 20116
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 21 / 2012 06 / 14 / 20122
2012Greenland - Summit05 / 23 / 2012 06 / 12 / 20123
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 11 / 2013 07 / 16 / 20131
2013Greenland - Summit05 / 29 / 2013 07 / 16 / 20135
2014Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 14 / 2014 08 / 20 / 20141
2014Greenland - Summit08 / 15 / 2014 08 / 21 / 20141
2015Greenland - Summit0
2016Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: On-site isotope diffusion experiments conducted by Netherlands Arctic Research (NAP)/ALW-NAPSP/07-03 (Award# NAP-ISO)

PI: Meijer, H.A.J. (Harro) (H.A.J.Meijer@rug.nl)
Phone: 31((0) 05) 363.4739 
Institute/Department: RuG University of Groningen,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: NL\Federal\NWO\NAP
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere\Isotope Science |

Project Web Site(s):

Science Summary:
This project is comprised of snow sampling and analysis to contribute to better understanding of ice core isotope records by studying isotope diffusion. The climate history reconstruction, using the "precipitation archives" of the ice caps on Greenland and Antarctica, and smaller ice caps elsewhere, relies to a large extent on the hydrogen and oxygen isotope signals. This is true for all time scales, from the long-term glacial-interglacial sequences down to the seasonal cycle. All three stable isotopes of water (2H, 17O and 18O) show a significant seasonal cycle, most pronounced in polar areas. After deposition, however, the amplitude of these seasonal cycles dampens over the years as the consequence of isotope diffusion in the firn phase. During the firn phase diffusion takes place quite efficiently by water vapor transport through the micro channels in the firn. As soon as the firn turns into ice, however, diffusion only takes place within the ice, and is then orders of magnitude slower. Thus, effectively, the firn diffusion pattern gets "frozen" in the ice. Better knowledge of the isotope diffusion process has become even more important. This project will perform a first "real life" firn diffusion experiment in the field, by layer of isotopically labeled snow at "S10" in Greenland, 150 km east of Kangerlussuaq, at Summit Station, Greenland and at a site in Antarctica. In that way they will be able to compare the isotope diffusion process on three sites, widely different in temperature and precipitation amount. The likely influence of mankind on climate is a subject of top political and societal relevance. The paleo-climate information brought about by ice core isotope analysis is very detailed, and thus provides researchers with stringent validation material for models describing the climate system. The work of this project will contribute to the better understanding of ice core isotope records, which in the end leads to better climate models, and thus to more realistic and reliable future climate predictions.

Logistics Summary:
For this isotope study funded by the Netherlands Arctic Program (NAP) of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), researchers will conduct shallow ice-core sampling in Greenland. From 2007-2011, project researchers will work each year at two sites in Greenland: Summit Station and site “S10” about 150 km east of Kangerlussuaq. At the latter, researchers laid down an isotopically enriched snow layer in 2005; with this project, they will continue studying the layer. They will establish an enriched layer at Summit (and at a third site in Antarctica) for comparative analyses. This database record focuses on the work at Summit Station. The development of the isotope-labelled layer will give experimental validation to isotope diffusion models that are in use to correct ice core measurements. This resampling activity will be an annual event. In August of 2007, 2 researchers will spend several days at Summit Station where they will produce a ~6 x 6 meter isotopically enriched labeled layer in undisturbed snow using a snow maker that draws enriched water from a small inflatable swimming pool. The researchers will also travel via helicopter to the S10 site, 150 km east of Kangerlussuaq, to revisit the experiment they set up in 2005. In July of 2008, a team of two will return to the site at Summit Station where they will obtain samples from 3 snow pits inside their field. They will spend about 2 days at Summit. In 2009, researchers will return to the same study area at Summit Station. Rather than using a snow pit, they will obtain samples using a shallow depth hand corer. They will spend about 3 days at Summit for this work. In August of 2010, the researchers will again collect samples at Summit using a shallow depth manual corer. They will spend approximately two days at Summit Station for this work. In August of 2011, the final year of the project at Summit Station, the researches will again collect samples at Summit Station using a shallow depth manual corer.

CPS will support this project with transport to and from Summit Station of personnel and cargo, KISS user days, Summit user days, and access to the Summit infrastructure and science technical services. CPS will recoup costs associated with this support via a direct-bill arrangement. All other expenses will be arranged by the PI and paid with grant funds
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 06 / 2007 08 / 12 / 20072
2007Greenland - Site S-1008 / 08 / 2007 08 / 09 / 20072
2007Greenland - Summit08 / 07 / 2007 08 / 09 / 20072
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 20 / 2008 08 / 02 / 20082
2008Greenland - Site S-1007 / 23 / 2008 07 / 23 / 20082
2008Greenland - Summit07 / 22 / 2008 07 / 24 / 20082
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 07 / 2009 05 / 15 / 20092
2009Greenland - Site S-102
2009Greenland - Summit05 / 12 / 2009 05 / 14 / 20092
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 11 / 2010 08 / 17 / 20102
2010Greenland - Summit08 / 13 / 2010 08 / 15 / 20102
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq08 / 11 / 2011 08 / 17 / 20112
2011Greenland - Summit08 / 12 / 2011 08 / 15 / 20112
 


Project Title: Zero Emissions Snowmobile Competition Support (Award# 0808798)

PI: Meldrum, Jay (jmeldrum@mtu.edu)
Phone: 0(906) 487.3178 
Institute/Department: Michigan Technological University, Keweenaw Research Center 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\RSL
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach | Instrument Development\Appropriate Technologies for Polar Regions |

Project Web Site(s):
Project: http://students.sae.org/cds/snowmobile/
Institute: http://www.mtukrc.org/
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
The Keweenaw Research Center (KRC) of Michigan Tech University (MTU) annually hosts the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) event on its 500-acre test track in Houghton, Michigan. The objectives of the competition are to train students in technology development and to develop transportation vehicles with reduced impact on the environment. Over the course of several days of trials, student teams are judged on the design, manufacturing price, presentation, vehicle capabilities such as range, weight, handling acceleration, and cold start, and noise of their vehicles. In the internal compression (IC) engine vehicle class, gaseous emissions are also measured and compared to 2012 EPA standard for HC, CO, and NOx. This grant provides funds to encourage Universities to participate by reimbursing travel expenses and other costs associated for teams entering vehicles in the zero-emissions (ZE) category of the competition. In addition to direct support for the competition, one team per year of the grant may be invited to Summit Station, Greenland, to field-test its snowmobile. In addition to practical experience, the opportunity exposes students and the public to arctic research funded by the National Science Foundation.

Logistics Summary:
This project supports three years of participation in the zero-emissions category in the Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC). In addition, each year of the grant, one team may be invited to demonstrate its vehicle technology and field test its snowmobile at Summit Station. This opportunity gives the students first-hand knowledge of the conditions under which the snowmobile must operate. Each year beginning in 2008, one student team member may be selected to visit Summit Station for about a week. The student will introduce the vehicle to the Summit community and also tour the facilities and the experiments at the station. The snowmobile will remain after the student's departure, operating for the duration of the field season before it is returned to the home institution. The zero emission snowmobile is used at Summit Station to access the satellite camp and other 'clean air' sectors. This allows researchers to quickly, efficiently and safely access their sites without compromising data collection. The grant will cover reimbursement of travel expenses and other costs associated for teams entering vehicles in the zero-emissions (ZE) category of the competition in Michigan.

If a team member is invited to Summit Station, CPS will provide shipping for the snowmachine, ANG travel to/from Summit, and user days at Summit and Kangerlussuaq. The PI will arrange and pay for all other logistics through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 02 / 2008 06 / 07 / 20081
2008Greenland - Summit06 / 03 / 2008 06 / 06 / 20081
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq1
2009Greenland - Summit1
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 02 / 2010 06 / 10 / 20101
2010Greenland - Summit06 / 03 / 2010 06 / 08 / 20101
 


Project Title: Ice Stories: A Public Educational Resource for IPY (Award# 0733048)

PI: Miller, Mary K (marym@exploratorium.edu)
Phone: 0(415) 563.7337 
Institute/Department: Exploratorium, Center for Learning and Teaching 
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\EHR\DRL
Program Manager: Dr. Valentine Kass (vkass@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach |

Project Web Site(s):
IPY: http://classic.ipy.org/development/eoi/index.htm
Institute: http://www.exploratorium.edu/
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
Ice Stories proposed by the Exploratorium strives to create public awareness of the International Polar Year (IPY) and the multi-disciplinary range of IPY research, increase public understanding of the process of scientific research and stimulate an enhanced relationship between IPY research and public outreach activities. Primary project deliverables include: 1) Two workshops for 8-12 Arctic (workshop 1) and 8-12 Antarctic scientists (workshop 2) to train them to effectively share their science with the general public. The workshops will cover narrative storytelling, use of video and audio equipment, rough-cut editing, and hands-on camera and audio recorder training. The Exploratorium will serve as an intermediary between the scientists and the public, clarifying content, editing, curating and posting material on the Web. 2) Live Web casts from the Arctic and Antarctic eventually reach 5 a week during each field season. These involve additional scientists, with additional in-situ coverage by the Exploratorium team of Arctic and Antarctic events associated with science and IPY. 3) Creation of a public access Web site and database for educators where all materials will be posted and archived and updates will be undertaken a minimum 2-3 times each week. Materials will leverage existing resources and will include: background on major areas of IPY research, links to national learning standards in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math), IPY history, biographies of scientists, repurposed material from past Exploratorium Antarctica projects, collected materials from research/production trips to the Arctic and Antarctic and from scientific collaborators, Pod casts, video, RSS feeds, and blogs. 4) An IPY exhibit at the Exploratorium showcasing the materials and sharing of the materials with other museums. 5) Outreach to specific after-school sites will reach underserved and underrepresented children. Independent external evaluation of the project will be conducted by Knight-Williams Research Communications.

Logistics Summary:
The Ice Stories design includes media production and narrative training, field connectivity, production capacity, media relations, and audience access. In the Arctic 2008 summer season (May to July), the team will produce live Webcasts from the field five times a week and in 2008/09 will produce live Webcasts from McMurdo Station, Antarctica and the South Pole five times a week. The technical facilities set up for these Webcasts will support the production of additional stories from the field. The team will conduct two field-tested, one-week media-training workshops for a minimum of 20 scientists in the spring and fall 2008 before the Arctic and Antarctic field seasons respectively. Field production teams will deploy to the Arctic in 2008 and be based in Barrow Alaska and Jakobshavn Glacier, Greenland. Because this is a database of Arctic fieldwork, this record will not cover the Antarctic portion of the work in detail. For the Alaska work, the Exploratorium will work with a local high school in Barrow with a production crew of 4 traveling in late May and staying through late June. This Arctic village and environs has been directly affected by shoreline erosion. Students will participate in webcasts that highlight compelling stories of environmental change. The team will work with students and teachers to give their stories a wider distribution and scope. For the work in Greenland in July, a two-person media-gathering and content production team headed by PI Mary Miller will fly to Kangerlussuaq and will visit 5 active research sites including a science team conducting glacial ice flow studies (Fahnestock, NASATHIN). One team member will fly to Summit Station for two days to interview scientists there for Ice Stories. [The team ended up collecting and posting more than a dozen video, photo and blog posts from Greenland.] In August 2009, PI will return to Greenland for 3 weeks.

CPS will arrange flights to Kangerlussuaq and Summit and NEEM via the Air National Guard. A flight of opportunity will take the team in to the Fahnestock camp (grant NASATHIN in this database) and the PI will be responsible for the payment of a helo flight out of the camp. BASC will provide support while the team is in Barrow. The PI will pay for all costs associated with this project through her grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)05 / 18 / 2008 06 / 24 / 20084
2008Greenland - Ilulissat07 / 10 / 2008 07 / 11 / 20082
2008Greenland - Jakobshavn Glacier07 / 10 / 2008 07 / 11 / 20082
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 07 / 2008 07 / 26 / 20082
2008Greenland - Summit07 / 22 / 2008 07 / 24 / 20081
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 20 / 2009 07 / 26 / 20091
2009Greenland - NEEM1
2009Greenland - Summit07 / 22 / 2009 07 / 24 / 20091
 


Project Title: UNAVCO Community and Facility Support: Geodesy Advancing Earth Science Research (Award# 0735156)

PI: Miller, Meghan (Meghan@unavco.org)
Phone: 0(303) 381.7514 
Institute/Department: UNAVCO,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\EAR
Program Manager: Dr. Russell Kelz (rkelz@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Geological Sciences |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...
Institute: http://www.unavco.org/

Science Summary:
This Cooperative Agreement supports the continued management and operation of the UNAVCO Global Positioning System (GPS) and geodetic technology support facility over a five-year period. UNAVCO is a non-profit corporation governed by a Board of Directors elected by the UNAVCO member institutions, which are comprised predominantly of U.S. academic institutions with active research programs in geodesy. There are currently over 100 member institutions. The UNAVCO mission is to advance high-precision techniques for the measurement of crustal deformation. The facility is supported by NSF Division of Earth Sciences, Office of Polar Programs and NASA (through annual agency transfers) for responsibilities including: 1) maintenance of a pool of state-of-the-art GPS equipment available to NSF-supported scientists; 2) provision of personnel dedicated to NSF- and NASA-funded GPS and geodetic technologies project planning, logistics and field engineering support; 3) maintenance of the NASA Global GPS Network (GGN) that provides crucial data to the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) needed for International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) solutions; 4) development and maintenance of a GPS data archive; 5) planning and coordination of various geodetic community activities (e.g., scientific workshops, steering committee meetings); 6) development and evaluation of new commercial GPS technology; 7) ensuring a representative and responsive governance process on behalf of the U.S. academic research community using precision geodetic techniques; and 8) provision of education and outreach to students and the public about precision geodetic research applications, the Earth sciences, and UNAVCO. Funding provides salary support for a staff of over 25 full time scientists, engineers and associated business support staff. Dense GPS observations in space and time have resulted in fundamental new discoveries in the Earth sciences that have had a significant impact on our understanding of the Earth system and the complex interplays between the Earth's interior dynamics, tectonic, magmatic, seismic and surface processes, and the global climate system. UNAVCO makes key contributions to the science and public policy enterprise through facilitating advances in understanding and responding to seismic, volcanic and coastal margin hazards and the effects of climate dynamics on the Earth's cryosphere and hydrosphere.

Logistics Summary:
This grant continues a Cooperative Agreement first operating under grant 0321760 from 2003 to 2008. Via this funding mechanism, UNAVCO provides a variety of GPS support to NSF-funded scientists, including maintenance of GPS base stations in Alaska at Toolik Field Station, and at Barrow on the North Slope. UNAVCO also maintains a base station and differential GPS survey equipment at Summit Station, Greenland. While UNAVCO supports a number of individual research projects per year with customized GPS support, that information is not carried in this record (instead it is carried under the grant receiving the UNAVCO support). This record focuses on work related to these three arctic base stations. In addition to maintaining the base stations, GPS equipment is provided for making field measurements. From January 2008 through 2012, UNAVCO will continue to operate and maintain the GPS base stations. For each year of the grant a UNAVCO researcher will make a one-week site visit to Barrow to calibrate and maintain the installations and to train on-site staff and researchers. UNAVCO will visit Summit Station and Toolik Field Station each year if those base stations require technical intervention/maintenance. One UNAVCO staff member will visit Barrow in August 2011 to meet and train staff. The technician also will travel to Atqasuk to re-evaluate support requirements after the shutdown of the ARM facility. UNAVCO plans no trips to Summit Station in 2011. For 2013-2018 work, see new UNAVCO grant # 1261833.

UMIAQ will maintain the GPS and data processing in Barrow. All equipment scheduling will be done by a designated local UMIAQ staff member. CPS will pay for the travel associated with this training, while UNAVCO covers the cost of training under this grant. The PI will arrange/pay for all other logistics through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Alaska - Atqasuk1
2008Alaska - Toolik1
2008Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)1
2008Greenland - Summit1
2009Alaska - Atqasuk0
2009Alaska - Toolik1
2009Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)06 / 08 / 2009 06 / 13 / 20091
2009Greenland - Summit1
2010Alaska - Atqasuk0
2010Alaska - Toolik1
2010Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)05 / 26 / 2010 08 / 20 / 20102
2010Greenland - Summit0
2011Alaska - Atqasuk1
2011Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)1
2012Alaska - Atqasuk0
2012Alaska - Toolik1
2012Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)06 / 08 / 2012 08 / 23 / 20122
2012Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: An Interferometric Ka-band Synthetic Aperture Radar: A New Technique for Glacier and Ice-sheet Topography Mapping (Award# NASAMapping)

PI: Moller, Delwyn (dkmoller@remotesensingsolutions.com)
Phone: 0(626) 318.6222 
Institute/Department: Remote Sensing Solutions, P.O. Box 1092  
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NASA
Program Manager: Dr. Randy Albertson (Randal.T.Albertson@nasa.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere\Glaciology |

Project Web Site(s):
Project: http://nspires.nasaprs.com/external/solicitations/...

Science Summary:
This grant supports integration and demonstration of a radar technique for mapping ice surface topography. Although the technique of using radar interferometry for height measuring and mapping terrain is demonstrated, for this application the electromagnetic wave will penetrate an unknown amount into the snow cover, thus producing an effective bias that must be calibrated. This penetration will be characterized as part of this program and will vary as a function of snow wetness and radar incidence angle. To address this issue the researchers will fly a single-pass Ka-band interferometric radar aboard a NASA Gulfstream III in April/May 2009. The primary flight plan entails flying a grid over Jakobshavn Glacier, then a transect from the coast to Swiss Camp ending at Greenland’s Summit Station. The Jakobshavn grid will be repeated in different snow/ice conditions. The flight data will be compared with airborne laser altimetry (ATM sensor on a NASA P3), field observations (GPS data at Swiss Camp, Summit), and climate data from the AWS network (snowfall, corrected for densification). Furthermore, topography is an essential piece of information for glaciology and at Jakobshavn a high-quality topographic map (tens of cm height accuracy over 10m pixels) will be produced. At present, such high-precision, dense topography is not available. This map will also form an IPY reference for measuring future changes in ice elevation. Finally, the experiment will pave the way to making more topographic products available to glaciologists designing a spaceborne mission capable of delivering similar products at the continental scale.

Logistics Summary:
The PI on this NASA grant is developing a new airborne radar mapping technology and intends to test the technique via Gulfstream III overflights both of Greenland’s Jakobshavn Glacier and a transect from Swiss Camp to Summit Station during spring, 2009. Researchers believe the dry firn at Greenland’s Summit represents the greatest penetration of the electromagnetic wave. As a result, they will collect data near Summit Camp coincident with the airborne mapping activities. The PI will work with Summit Station personnel to erect 3 geolocated metallic reflectors (provided by the PI) on the ground near Summit for data collection during the single overflight period. On the day of the flight, the PI will communicate with the Summit technician to confirm the viewing orientation of the reflectors. At the end of the flight period, Summit personnel will remove the reflectors and return them to the PI.

CPS will ship the reflectors to Summit via the March Twin Otter flight, provide technical support to set up the reflectors, and return the equipment to the PI via the Air National Guard at the end of the experiment. NSF will recover the costs for this support via interagency funds transfer NASA>NSF. The PI will arrange/pay for all other support (including en route shipping to Kangerlussuaq and from Scotia, NY to her home institute) via the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: Greenland, Denmark, United States Joint Science Education Project (JSEP) (Award# JSEP)

PI: Reed, Lynn Foshee ()
Phone:  
Institute/Department: National Science Foundation,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\ARE
Program Manager: Ms. Elizabeth Rom (elrom@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach |

Project Web Site(s):
Blog: http://polarfield.com/blog/laura-lukes-classroom-f...
Project: http://www.arcus.org/jsep
Home: http://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/greenland-edu...
Home: http://www.polartrec.com/expeditions/joint-science...
Home: https://www.polartrec.com/forum/greenland-educatio...
Media: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5FnvI4py6c&featur...

Science Summary:
The US-Denmark-Greenland Joint Committee was established in 2004 to broaden and deepen cooperation among the United States, the Kingdom of Denmark, and Greenland. Since its launch the Joint Committee has established an impressive track record of accomplishments that span a range of issues of mutual concern, including culture, education, science, environmental research, technical assistance, and commercial affairs. The Joint Committee meets annually to assess its ongoing work and to evaluate new project proposals. One such Joint Committee activity is Science Education Week. This annual event, first offered in 2007, gives a select group of Greenlandic, Danish and U.S. secondary school students and educators an opportunity to visit and study the Greenland ice sheet during the summer research season. Science education week supports participant visits to several research sites in Greenland; expedition members spend about a week in Greenland learning about the research conducted there and the logistics involved in supporting the research. They also get first-hand experience conducting experiments and developing inquiry-based educational activities.

Logistics Summary:
Starting in 2007, a group of students and teachers from the US, Greenland and Denmark annually will spend a week visiting the Greenland ice sheet on a brief tour of active field sites to better understand the research done there and the complex logistics involved in supporting the work. Each year, a group assembles in Kangerlussuaq, the US participants arriving via Air National Guard (ANG) transport from New York. After an orientation lecture, the group will tour the local science facilities such as the Kellyville observatory and will visit science projects local to the area. As able, the team will assist researchers with their experiments. Later in the week, the visitors will fly via ANG to Summit Station to meet scientists, tour the facilities, and assist on routine science conducted at the station. In 2011-2012, participants will also fly on to NEEM to see the ice core drilling taking place there. On return to Kangerlussuaq, the team may take other tours before debriefing and returning to their home institutes. In late June 2007, a group of about 16 (including media and program escorts) will assemble in Kangerlussuaq. After a tour of research done in the area, the team will fly via ANG to Summit for an overnight stay. In early July 2008, approximately 12 participants will join the tour, headed by Kathy Gorski, Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellow for 2008-2009. In 2009, a trip similar to 2008 is planned. Jennifer Thompson, Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellow 2009-2010, will lead this team. Also in 2009, Glen Schuster (0732793, SPRINTT) will accompany the group to Kangerlussuaq and Summit. Afterwards, Mr. Schuster and Jennifer Thompson will visit educators in Nuuk, Aasait, and Illuisat, Greenland. The logisitcs are covered under 0732793 in this database. In 2012 a student in the IGERT program (Ross Virginia, Dartmouth, PI) will join the Science in Education group to mentor the younger scholars. In 2013, the program kicks off with a two-week field school course in July in Kangerlussuaq led by the Greenland component of the program. After, a subset of students continues in the program to visiting Summit Station led by the U.S component of the program. The group will connect with the IGERT program (Ross Virginia, Dartmouth, PI) at Summit Station to mentor younger scholars. In 2014, the program again kicks off with the two-week Field School course in July in Kangerlussuaq led by the Greenland component of the program. A subset of students then continues in the program with a visit to Summit Station led by the U.S component of the program. A teacher sponsored by the Chilean Antarctic Institute will participate in the entire JSEP program. One member of the IGERT program (NSF grant 0801490, Ross Virginia, Dartmouth, PI) will join the Science Education Week group at Summit Station to help mentor younger scholars. This project's work is continued under NSF grant 1506155. The team will be lead by Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellows as follows: Martha Canipe (2010), Laura Lukes (2011), Shelly Hynes (2012) and Lynne Reed (2013 and 2014).

For the American participants, CPS will provide commercial air tickets between home and Albany, New York, lodging and per diem (the latter by reimbursement) for domestic travel, commercial air and an escort in Copenhagen for 3 U.S. students flying home after the Field School portion of the program, (by reimbursement) travel/evacuation insurance for all participants and Field School user fees. For all participants, CPS will provide clearances for ANG transport, user days at Summit, vehicle rental in Kangerlussuaq, cold-weather gear, an escort during the Science Education week, field, safety, and communications equipment and meal tickets in Kangerlussaq during SciEd. The Chilean teacher will pay for travel between Chile and Albany, New York and CPS will pay all of her other expenses; CPS will pay for one night at KISS for a visiting lecturer for Field School. All other expenses for Greenlandic and Danish students will be paid by the other host organizations.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2007Greenland - Summit0
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2008Greenland - Summit0
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 07 / 2009 07 / 14 / 200914
2009Greenland - Summit07 / 09 / 2009 07 / 12 / 200914
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 19 / 2010 07 / 26 / 201015
2010Greenland - NEEM07 / 23 / 2010 07 / 24 / 201013
2010Greenland - Summit07 / 21 / 2010 07 / 23 / 201014
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 27 / 2011 07 / 25 / 201117
2011Greenland - NEEM07 / 16 / 2011 07 / 18 / 20115
2011Greenland - Summit07 / 19 / 2011 07 / 22 / 201114
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 25 / 2012 07 / 22 / 201219
2012Greenland - NEEM07 / 18 / 2012 07 / 22 / 201214
2012Greenland - Summit07 / 13 / 2012 07 / 16 / 201214
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 25 / 2013 07 / 19 / 20139
2013Greenland - Summit07 / 12 / 2013 07 / 16 / 201317
2014Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 24 / 2014 07 / 23 / 201428
2014Greenland - Summit07 / 11 / 2014 07 / 16 / 201414
 


Project Title: Atmospheric Monitoring for Climate Change (Award# NOAA IPY 2)

PI: Schnell, Russell Clifford (russell.c.schnell@noaa.gov)
Phone: 0(303) 497.6733 
Institute/Department: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, Global Monitoring Division 
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\DOC\NOAA
Program Manager: Dr. John Calder (john.calder@noaa.gov)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate\Atmospheric Science |

Project Web Site(s):
IPY: http://classic.ipy.org/index.php
Institute: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/
Data: https://arcticdata.io/

Science Summary:
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) Global Monitoring Division (GMD) conducts long-term measurements of trace atmospheric constituents that influence climate change. These measurements include carbon dioxide, water vapor, surface and stratospheric ozone, solar and terrestrial radiation, meteorology, ozone depleting compounds, and other trace constituents. These measurements are part of NOAA's effort to determine and assess the long-term buildup of global pollutants in the atmosphere. The measurements will be used for time series analysis of multiyear data records that focus on stratospheric ozone depletion, tran-arctic transport and deposition, interplay of the trace gases and aerosols with solar and terrestrial radiation fluxes on the polar region, the magnitude of seasonal and temporal variations in greenhouse gases and the potential development of polar stratospheric clouds over the Arctic. Other objectives of research are to determine the rate at which concentrations of these atmospheric constituents change and to examine the sources, sinks, distributions, budgets, and trends. Working with climate modelers and diagnosticians, we will use these data to determine how the rate of change of these parameters affect climate, particularly when the data are included in climate model studies in support of these projects.

Logistics Summary:
Weekly and bi-weekly flask samples are collected and shipped back to Boulder for analysis. All other systems are run by the local technicians at each site and the data is returned to Boulder for archival. Please see the below (additional) site list for the individual research projects in operation at each Arctic observatory. Logistical support for this project: NOAA in cooperation with Antarctic Research Institute of Roshydromet (Russia), Environment Canada, Finnish Meteorological Institute, National Science Foundation, Norwegian Institute for Air Research, US Department of Energy, CH2M HILL Polar Services. Additional Information: NOAA/GMD Arctic IPY Site Locations and Research Programs: Alert, Canada (ALT): Aerosol measurements (continuous); Carbon Cycle trace gas sampling flasks; Halocarbon trace gas flask measurements; Baseline Surface Radiation Network Site (BSRN) Barrow, Alaska (BRW) - NOAA/GMD Baseline Observatory: Gas Chromatographs for continuous measurements of trace gases; Aerosol measurements (continuous); Black Carbon measurement (continuous); Carbon Cycle trace gases (continuous); Carbon Cycle gas sampling flasks; Halocarbons and trace species flask sampling; Station meteorology; Surface ozone; Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN); 20 Cooperative programs run for other agencies and universities Pallas, Finland (PAL): Carbon Cycle Gas sampling flasks Ocean Station “M”, Norwegian ship ‘Polar Front’ (STM): Carbon Cycle Gas sampling flasks Summit, Greenland (SUM): Carbon Cycle Gas sampling flasks; Black Carbon measurements (continuous); Halocarbons and trace species flask sampling; Station Meteorology; Stratospheric ozonesondes; Stratospheric water vapor sondes; Surface ozone; 2 Channel Gas Chromatograph for halocarbons (installation June, 2007); Aerosol measurements (proposed June, 2008). More detail is provided under NOAASummit in this database. Tiksi, Russia (TIK): Carbon Cycle gas sampling flasks (Spring 2007); Surface ozone (Spring 2007); Surface Radiation Network (Summer 2008); Aerosol measurements (Summer 2008); Zeppelin, Norway (ZEP): Carbon Cycle Gas sampling flasks

SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2007Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2007Arctic Ocean and Seas - Ocean Station "M"01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2007Canada - Alert, Ellesmere Island01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2007Finland - Pallas01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2007Greenland - Summit0
2007Norway - Zeppelin01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2007Russia - Tiksi01 / 01 / 2007 12 / 31 / 20071
2008Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2008Arctic Ocean and Seas - Ocean Station "M"01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2008Canada - Alert, Ellesmere Island01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2008Finland - Pallas01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2008Greenland - Summit0
2008Norway - Zeppelin01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2008Russia - Tiksi01 / 01 / 2008 12 / 31 / 20081
2009Alaska - Utqiaġvik (Barrow)0
2009Arctic Ocean and Seas - Ocean Station "M"01 / 01 / 2009 12 / 31 / 20091
2009Canada - Alert, Ellesmere Island01 / 01 / 2009 12 / 31 / 20091
2009Finland - Pallas01 / 01 / 2009 12 / 31 / 20091
2009Greenland - Summit0
2009Norway - Zeppelin01 / 01 / 2009 12 / 31 / 20091
2009Russia - Tiksi01 / 01 / 2009 12 / 31 / 20091
 


Project Title: IPY: SPRINTT: Student Polar Research with IPY National (and International) Teacher Training (Award# 0732793)

PI: Schuster, Glen (gschuster@us-satellite.net)
Phone: 0(914) 921.5920 
Institute/Department: U.S. Satellite Laboratory, Inc,  
IPY Project? YES
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\EHR\DRL
Program Manager: Mr. David Campbell (dcampbel@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
SPRINTT brings cutting-edge science research and Alaska Native traditional knowledge into K-12 classrooms, bridging the science and society divide while inspiring the next generation of polar explorers. SPRINTT is using an innovative, live, online training format to train hundreds of teachers in how to teach life, Earth, and physical science content in a polar context. Polar scientists directly inform the content and participate in the training. SPRINTT provides teachers with existing and adapted, high-quality, standards-based curricular materials and collaborates with science and education partners to simplify research data and create a user-friendly interface from which students perform their own authentic polar research projects. Students from around the world share their research findings through a collaborative space within the SPRINTT website. The aim is to prepare hundreds of teachers to teach about the significance of the Polar Regions within the Earth system and to present materials and tools with an Alaska Native lens. Through synchronous (live) and asynchronous collaborations, teachers share best practices as they infuse and adopt polar science into their curriculum and learn to effectively facilitate student research. SPRINTT impacts more than 25,000 upper elementary, middle, and high school students around the world. The majority of U.S. students are from underrepresented groups including Alaska Natives, and those from urban and rural areas. SPRINTT spreads the work of IPY-related partners including the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, the Inuit Circumpolar Council, Alaska Native Science Commission, the International Polar Foundation, the National Snow and Ice Data Center, ANDRILL, WWF International, NOAA, Bering Sea Ecosystem Study, and GEOSummit. The project is engaging the public in polar discovery through guided student research projects. Innovative teacher training brings Earth's polar systems into the classroom, and promotes international cooperation as students examine the critical role of the polar regions in global processes and the changes to the Arctic as viewed by native peoples.

Logistics Summary:
SPRINTT (Student Polar Research with IPY National (and International) Teacher Training) will organize a series of teacher professional development workshops, facilitate student research projects with real arctic data, and host a symposium to showcase the work. In 2009, PI will accompany the 2009 Science in Education (SciEdWeek in this database) tour to Greenland. Afterwards, the PI along with Jennifer Thompson, the 2009-2010 NSF Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellow, will visit educators in Nuuk, Aasiaat, and Illulisat, Greenland.

- Through the grant, the PI will pay for his travel to and from Greenland - CPS will pay for travel costs within Greenland and arrange flights to Kangerlussuaq and Summit via the Air National Guard - CPS will pay for all travel cost for the 2009 Einstein Fellow - All other cost associated with this project will be paid by the PI though the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Aasiaat2
2009Greenland - Ilulissat2
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq1
2009Greenland - Nuuk2
2009Greenland - Summit1
 


Project Title: Is There Cosmogenic Radiomethane in Polar Firn? (Award# 0806450)

PI: Severinghaus, Jeffrey P (jseveringhaus@ucsd.edu)
Phone: 0(858) 822.2483 
Institute/Department: U of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\ANS
Program Manager: Dr. Henrietta Edmonds (hedmonds@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Geological Sciences\Biogeochemistry | Geological Sciences\Climate | Geological Sciences\Cosmogenic Radioisotopes | Geological Sciences\Firn Processes | Geological Sciences\Glaciology | Geological Sciences\Ice Cores | Geological Sciences\Sources of Methane to the Atmosphere | Geological Sciences\Trapped Air in Ice Cores |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
This grant supports researchers testing the hypothesis that cosmic rays produce small amounts of the 14C isotope of methane (14CH4) in the upper layers of snow turning into ice (firn). This research will help determine present and past sources of methane in the atmosphere and refine our understanding of methane’s role in climate warming. Methane and other gases will be extracted from firn at Summit, Greenland by melting 1.5 tons of firn under vacuum. The ratio of 14CH4 to 12CH4 will be determined to test the hypothesis that cosmic rays generate 14C atoms that react with hydrogen to produce 14CH4 in the ice. The study is expected to provide a definitive test of the hypothesis that fossil sources of methane contributed to the rapid increases in methane concentration at the end of the last glacial period.

Logistics Summary:
This project’s researchers will test whether direct cosmogenic production of 14CH4 occurs in ice and firn. The test will involve melting large amounts of near-surface firn harvested at Summit Station, Greenland, to extract any cosmogenic 14CH4. The PI will visit Summit with a team of 5 personnel for about 3 weeks in late July of 2009. At a trenched site away from station, they will dig/cut 1.5 tons of firn blocks from a depth of 14-18 feet, melt it down on site and extract the gases for further analysis. They also will return a small amount of frozen firn to the home institute to validate the in-field analysis.

CPS will provide ANG flights, access to Kangerlussuaq and Summit infrastructure, and a day of heavy equipment support at Summit to dig a firn trench measuring approximately 14 ft deep x 50 ft long. The PI will plan and pay for all other logistics, including frozen shipment of a small quantity of firn--through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 27 / 2009 08 / 24 / 20094
2009Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2009 08 / 21 / 20094
 


Project Title: Collaborative Research: Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric State, and Precipitation at Summit (ICECAPS) (Award# 0856559)

PI: Shupe, Matthew D (matthew.shupe@colorado.edu)
Phone: 0(303) 497.6471 
Institute/Department: U of Colorado, Boulder, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. Erica Key (ekey@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This award supports a field campaign that will expand the Arctic Observing Network (AON) by adding cloud, atmosphere, and precipitation measurements, and associated higher-order data products, to Summit, Greenland, at the top of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The proposed instrument suite consists of a cloud radar, two microwave radiometers, an Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, an X-band precipitation sensor, a ceilometer, a micropulse lidar, and a twice-daily radiosonde program. Measurements from this advanced suite of instruments, combined with some ongoing measurements at Summit, will be input for a number of algorithms to produce climatically useful geophysical data products to support GIS-specific and Arctic-wide research. Data products will include: (1) Atmospheric State - temperature and moisture profiles through the troposphere and lower stratosphere; (2) Cloud Macrophysics - cloud occurrence, vertical boundaries, and temperatures; (3) Cloud Microphysics - cloud phase, water content, optical depth, and particle size; (4) Precipitation - precipitation type and rate; and (5) Cloud Radiative Forcing - impact of clouds on the surface radiation balance. Together these products will augment similar data sets that are produced at other locations across the Arctic. It is anticipated and intended that these data sets will be widely used by the broader scientific community to understand the climates of the Greenland Ice Sheet and the broader Arctic Basin and to validate satellite retrievals and model simulations over Greenland. The "Broader Impacts" of this award are numerous. The proposed observations will contribute to the goals of the Study of Arctic Environmental Change (SEARCH). They will be the first of their kind on the Greenland Ice Sheet and will expand the existing, although modest, network of such measurements across the Arctic. Uncertainty in polar cloud properties is a major deficiency in current models of polar climate; the proposed observations of cloud macro- and micro-physics will provide some of the necessary constraints for improving model cloud algorithms. This project will provide important field work and data processing experience for graduate students at the University of Wisconsin, University of Colorado and University of Idaho. In addition, data and experiences from the field program will be integrated into undergraduate coursework at the University of Idaho and summer workshops at the University of Wisconsin.

Logistics Summary:
This collaborative project between 0856773 (Walden, U of Idaho), 0904152 (Turner, U of WI), and 0856559 (Shupe, CU) plans an intensive cloud experiment at Summit with fieldwork from late spring 2010 through late spring 2014. A short reconnaissance trip is planned for summer 2009. Logistical details under 0856773.

SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2009Greenland - Summit0
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2010Greenland - Summit0
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2011Greenland - Summit0
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2012Greenland - Summit0
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2013Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: BSRN-compatible irradiance measurements and the stable boundary layer (Award# CHAntennaKS)

PI: Steffen, Konrad (konrad.steffen@wsl.ch )
Phone: 0(303) 492.4524 
Institute/Department: U of Colorado, Boulder, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: CH\Federal\NSF
Program Manager: Ms. Renee Crain (rcrain@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
Initiative: http://www.geosummit.org/

Science Summary:
With this project, investigators plan to gain a better understanding of the earth's surface heat balance and the structure of the boundary layer. Investigators will make year-round observations of the surface energy balance and turbulence in the boundary layer using an instrumented, 50-meter meteorological tower, a wind-profiler, a radiometer system, and possibly an instrumented aircraft. Radiation measurements will be taken in accordance with specifications established by the Baseline Surface Radiation Network project.

Logistics Summary:
This work involves ongoing studies of the Earth's boundary layer at Summit, Greenland, and continues work begun under grant "CHAntenna" (Ohmura). See that grant in this database for a historical record of this project. After PI Ohmura retired, Konrad Steffen (University of Colorado) agreed to take over operation of the experiment. This record is for the work continued under Steffen. In 2008, three personnel will visit Summit Station in late July to conduct maintenance on the experiment. In addition, they will install an all-sky camera on the TAWO roof, add additional instruments to the Swiss Tower, and test a radiometer for potential future use. Two personnel will spend about a week on station, while the PI will join them several days later for the remainder of the week. A team of 2 will return in May 2009 to complete an AWS extension and upgrade (new satellite transmitter, new instruments), and to extend the radiation tower and conduct minor work on the instruments. They will also complete a major upgrade of the GC-Net tower and instruments and a minor maintenance of the radiation and 50 m tower instruments. After summer 2009, logistics arrangements will be carried under the Long Term Observation grant (0856845, McConnell).

CPS will coordinate the team's travel to Summit, and provide accommodations at Kangerlussuaq and Summit. CPS will also provide a dedicated weatherport for the team, provide assistance to the researchers as needed while they are on-station, and science technical staff will monitor the experiment year-round.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 21 / 2008 08 / 02 / 20083
2008Greenland - Summit07 / 22 / 2008 07 / 31 / 20083
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 18 / 2009 06 / 01 / 20092
2009Greenland - Summit05 / 19 / 2009 05 / 31 / 20092
 


Project Title: GEOFON (GEOFOrschungsNetz - Geo Research Network) (Award# DESeismic)

PI: Strollo, Angelo ( strollo@gfz-potsdam.de)
Phone: 49(331) 288.1285 
Institute/Department: GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, GEOFON Program 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: DE\Research/Higher Ed\GFZ Potsdam
Program Manager: Dr. Jennifer Mercer (jmercer@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Geological Sciences |

Project Web Site(s):
Institute: http://geofon.gfz-potsdam.de/
Initiative: http://www.geosummit.org/

Science Summary:
Most knowledge about the deeper interior of the earth is derived from seismological records. Seismic waves generated by earthquakes travel through the globe and sample its major structures on the way. Important information about seismic velocities and densities, structural boundaries, mineral composition, temperature and pressure regimes etc are hidden in each recorded seismogram and can be retrieved by inverse methods. To obtain a complete picture, globally distributed high quality broadband seismological stations are required to record a full seismologically range in terms of frequency content (10**2 – 10**-6 Hz) and dynamic range (10**-9 – 10**-1 m/s). The technical equipment of the GEOFON network fullfills these requirements and is installed in 50 stations worldwide. (Near) real-time data transmission (via the Internet) from most stations makes the GEOFON data immediately available to the scientifc community and provides a perfect tool for rapid determination of earthquake source parameters for scientific purposes but also for earthquake and tsunami early warnings and for use by disaster management. Both near real-time and archive data are openly available to the community from the GEOFON Data Center and are shared with other national and international data centers such as the european ORFEUS Data Center in De Bilt (Netherlands) and the global FDSN/IRIS Data Center (Seattle, USA).

Logistics Summary:
This project makes broadband seismological recordings of global earthquakes at Summit, Greenland. Formerly a part of the temporary GLATIS network, project responsibility has been turned over to GFZ Potsdam. Summit instruments have been included in that institute's GEOFON network. The PI (Hanka, then Strollo starting in 2015) will visit Summit Station annually to service and maintain the project's seismological station. Over the years, in addition to the scheduled maintenance, project personnel have visited Summit for various other project needs: In 2002, they installed an upgraded datalogger for the seismological station and a "Seiscomp" box that connected the station to the Summit LAN for Internet real-time data transmission; in 2004, another major station upgrade overcame technical problems and minimized required local support; finally, in 2007, two technicians raised and relocated the seismometer bunker, routing power and communications connections out of the Temporary Atmospheric Watch Observatory. In 2009, a technician will return to Summit in May to conduct minor maintenance on the seismometer. Station staff will assist the technician as needed with excavation of the bunker and maintenance activities. Year-round, science technical staff will re-level the instrument and provide as-needed assistance. In 2010, a team of two researchers will return to Summit in July. The seismometer bunker will be raised and relocated to a new site so that power and communications can continue to be connected out of the Temporary Atmospheric Watch Observatory, which is also being relocated during this time. Station staff will assist the technicians as needed with excavation of the bunker and maintenance activities. Year-round, science technical staff will re-level the instrument and provide as-needed assistance. In 2011, one researcher will return to Summit in mid-June to conduct minor maintenance on the seismometer. Summit staff will assist the researcher as needed with excavation of the bunker and maintenance activities. Year-round science technical staff will re-level the instrument and provide as-needed assistance. In 2012, two researchers will return to Summit Station in July to conduct minor maintenance on the seismometer. In 2013, two researchers will return to Summit Station in July with the following objectives: (1) relocate the seismometer to a new trench, and (2) replace the cable between the TAWO and the new seismometer trench. Summit Station staff will assist the researchers as needed with excavation of the bunker and maintenance activities. Year-round, science technical staff will re-level the instrument and provide as-needed assistance. In 2014, no researchers will deploy to Summit Station. Instead, station staff will assist with excavation of the bunker and maintenance activities as needed. Year-round, science technical staff will re-level the instrument and provide as-needed assistance. In 2015, two researchers will deploy to Summit Station in June to perform maintenance on the seismometer system, including relocating it to a new vault, raising all cables above the snow surface and checking out all hardware. Year-round, science technical staff will re-level the instrument, maintain data and power cables above the snow surface and provide as-needed assistance. No researchers will deploy in 2016. Instead, station technical staff replaced a broken seiscompbox. The replacement box is expected in fall 2016; when functioning, it will allow remote mass centering. In 2017, two researchers will visit Summit in May to perform maintenance on the seismometer system, including relocating it to a new vault, raising all cables above the snow surface, and checking out all hardware. The project team plans to install a post hole sensor for a 1-2 year comparison with the current seismic system to investigate potential replacement of the system in future years.

CPS will provide ANG travel and cargo support to/from Summit Station, Summit Station user days, a snow auger/corer with required tools, access to infrastructure, and year around science technician support for re-leveling the instrument, maintaining data and power cables above the snow surface, and general maintenance/troubleshooting as-needed). The PI will pay NSF directly for costs associated with this support. All other logistics will be provided by the PI.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2000Greenland - Summit05 / 15 / 2000 09 / 05 / 20002
2001Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 14 / 2001 1
2001Greenland - Summit07 / 17 / 2001 07 / 19 / 20011
2002Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 07 / 2002 06 / 14 / 20022
2002Greenland - Summit06 / 10 / 2002 06 / 13 / 20022
2003Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 12 / 2003 08 / 04 / 20031
2003Greenland - Summit05 / 13 / 2003 08 / 01 / 20031
2004Greenland - Summit0
2005Greenland - Summit0
2006Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 08 / 2006 05 / 11 / 20061
2006Greenland - Summit05 / 09 / 2006 05 / 11 / 20061
2007Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 01 / 2007 06 / 08 / 20072
2007Greenland - Summit06 / 04 / 2007 06 / 06 / 20072
2008Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 21 / 2008 04 / 27 / 20081
2008Greenland - Summit04 / 22 / 2008 04 / 25 / 20081
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 11 / 2009 05 / 18 / 20091
2009Greenland - Summit05 / 12 / 2009 05 / 14 / 20091
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 20 / 2010 07 / 30 / 20102
2010Greenland - Summit07 / 21 / 2010 07 / 29 / 20102
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 07 / 2011 06 / 15 / 20111
2011Greenland - Summit06 / 09 / 2011 06 / 13 / 20111
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 14 / 2012 07 / 21 / 20122
2012Greenland - Summit07 / 16 / 2012 07 / 20 / 20122
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 15 / 2013 08 / 01 / 20132
2013Greenland - Summit07 / 16 / 2013 07 / 31 / 20132
2014Greenland - Summit0
2015Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 29 / 2015 06 / 11 / 20152
2015Greenland - Summit06 / 03 / 2015 06 / 09 / 20152
2016Greenland - Summit0
2017Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 15 / 2017 05 / 26 / 20172
2017Greenland - Summit05 / 17 / 2017 05 / 23 / 20172
2018Greenland - Kangerlussuaq1
2018Greenland - Summit1
 


Project Title: Collaborative Research: Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric State, and Precipitation at Summit (ICECAPS) (Award# 0904152)

PI: Turner, David D (dave.turner@noaa.gov )
Phone: 0(608) 262-3822 
Institute/Department: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration,  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. Erica Key (ekey@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate |

Project Web Site(s):
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This award supports a field campaign that will expand the Arctic Observing Network (AON) by adding cloud, atmosphere, and precipitation measurements, and associated higher-order data products, to Summit, Greenland, at the top of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The proposed instrument suite consists of a cloud radar, two microwave radiometers, an Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, an X-band precipitation sensor, a ceilometer, a micropulse lidar, and a twice-daily radiosonde program. Measurements from this advanced suite of instruments, combined with some ongoing measurements at Summit, will be input for a number of algorithms to produce climatically useful geophysical data products to support GIS-specific and Arctic-wide research. Data products will include: (1) Atmospheric State - temperature and moisture profiles through the troposphere and lower stratosphere; (2) Cloud Macrophysics - cloud occurrence, vertical boundaries, and temperatures; (3) Cloud Microphysics - cloud phase, water content, optical depth, and particle size; (4) Precipitation - precipitation type and rate; and (5) Cloud Radiative Forcing - impact of clouds on the surface radiation balance. Together these products will augment similar data sets that are produced at other locations across the Arctic. It is anticipated and intended that these data sets will be widely used by the broader scientific community to understand the climates of the Greenland Ice Sheet and the broader Arctic Basin and to validate satellite retrievals and model simulations over Greenland. The "Broader Impacts" of this award are numerous. The proposed observations will contribute to the goals of the Study of Arctic Environmental Change (SEARCH). They will be the first of their kind on the Greenland Ice Sheet and will expand the existing, although modest, network of such measurements across the Arctic. Uncertainty in polar cloud properties is a major deficiency in current models of polar climate; the proposed observations of cloud macro- and micro-physics will provide some of the necessary constraints for improving model cloud algorithms. This project will provide important field work and data processing experience for graduate students at the University of Wisconsin, University of Colorado and University of Idaho. In addition, data and experiences from the field program will be integrated into undergraduate coursework at the University of Idaho and summer workshops at the University of Wisconsin.

Logistics Summary:
This collaborative project between 0856773 (Walden, U of Idaho), 0904152 (Turner, U of WI), and 0856559 (Shupe, CU) plans an intensive cloud experiment at Summit with fieldwork from late spring 2010 through late spring 2014. A short reconnaissance trip is planned for summer 2009. Logistical details under 0856773.

SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2009Greenland - Summit0
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2010Greenland - Summit0
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2011Greenland - Summit0
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2012Greenland - Summit0
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq0
2013Greenland - Summit0
 


Project Title: IGERT: Polar Environmental Change (Award# 0801490)

PI: Virginia, Ross Arthur (Ross.A.Virginia@Dartmouth.edu)
Phone: 0(603) 646.0192 
Institute/Department: Dartmouth College, Institute of Arctic Studies 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\EHR\DGE\IGERT
Program Manager: Dr. Richard Tankersley (rtankers@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Education and Outreach |

Project Web Site(s):
Media: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2008/08/06...
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...

Science Summary:
This Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) award supports the development of an interdisciplinary graduate program in polar sciences and engineering by merging expertise and facilities from Dartmouth College with the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory and institutions in Greenland. The purpose of this program is to train doctoral students to have an interdisciplinary view of polar systems and to understand the social and ethical implications of their research. Broader impacts include training and research focused on the components of polar systems that respond to and contribute to rapid environmental change, including the cryosphere (glacial ice, snow, and sea ice systems) and the biogeochemical linkages between plants, soils, and animals. The core curriculum includes an Introduction to Polar Systems and a second course on Sustainability Science, Policy and Ethics that will train students to frame research questions that will have relevance to Arctic residents and policy by using perspectives from western science and traditional ecological knowledge. Depending on their research interests, students will be trained during the Greenland Field Seminar in either terrestrial ecosystem or cryosphere dynamics, followed by instruction in the human dimensions of Arctic change in Nuuk, the site of the University of Greenland and the Inuit Circumpolar Council. IGERT students will receive continuing interdisciplinary training through a seminar series and other related events on polar science and policy organized with the Dickey Center Institute of Arctic Studies, a workshop on preparing grant proposals, an annual program evaluation and research symposium, cross-IGERT activities, and opportunities for specialized training at other institutions or field sites. A special effort will be made to engage with Native American students. IGERT is an NSF-wide program intended to meet the challenges of educating U.S. Ph.D. scientists and engineers with the interdisciplinary background, deep knowledge in a chosen discipline, and the technical, professional, and personal skills needed for the career demands of the future. The program is intended to catalyze a cultural change in graduate education by establishing innovative new models for graduate education and training in a fertile environment for collaborative research that transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries.

Logistics Summary:
This grant supports a graduate program with a field course designed to offer students hands-on research opportunities. Beginning in 2010, up to 12 students and instructors will travel to Greenland each year for coursework. In 2009, students will complete core introductory courses during the 2009-10 academic year before taking the Greenland course. Six members will travel to Greenland during summer 2009 for planning purposes and will work on curriculum development with Greenlandic colleagues. They plan to spend a few days in Kangerlussuaq and time in Nuuk to meet with faculty at the University and with researchers at the ICC. During the summers of 2010 through 2014, the field course will be carried out with two distinct parts: a two-to-three-week field study effort based from Kangerlussuaq and Summit; and a two-week exploration of policy issues--specifically the human dimensions of climate change--based from Nuuk. For the field study component, students will be grouped into two disciplines: one will focus on terrestrial studies of soil-plant-animal interactions in tundra ecosystems based from Kangerlussuaq; the other will focus on firn/ice studies based from Summit Station. For each year of field work, IGERT team members may deploy to Kangerlussuaq to begin experiments in advance of the field team's arrival. In addition, IGERT students may engage in additional research activities. In 2013, these activities include early season research activities for one student at Summit and four students at Kangerlussuaq. Additionally, a subset of the main field team will visit Ilulissat in 2013 to study and see the rapidly advancing outlet glacier at Ilulissat, and investigate topics related to ecotourism and its environmental and cultural impacts. The 2014 field season will be broken up into three separate segments. Early season Kanger work will consist of three research students and a PolarTREC teacher, Emily Dodson (1345146ED), in June. The mid-season work will include an eight person team that will split into three different field groups in July. During this period two participants will take a short trip to Nuuk while one participant will visit Summit to overlap with the JSEP group. The late season work based out of Kanger will have two participants from late July to August. In 2015, a team of 6 will return to Kangerlussuaq to continue studies/sampling. Based from the KISS, they will make day trips to or camp at sampling sites.

For all years of the grant, CPS will arrange Air National Guard (ANG) flights to and from Kangerlussuaq, field and communications gear, user days and classroom space at the KISS facility, and Kangerlussuaq vehicle rentals. From 2010 – 2014, CPS will pay for all costs associated with this support; in 2015, the PI will pay for lodging and vehicle rentals. In addition, from 2010 to 2014, CPS will provide commercial airline tickets to/from Nuuk and/or Ilulissat, ANG arrangements to/from Summit, and Summit user days. ANG flights are scheduled in advance; if the timing of flights is not suitable, the PI will be responsible for commercial airline tickets. The research team will make all other arrangements and pay for them via the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 27 / 2009 08 / 06 / 20096
2009Greenland - Nuuk07 / 28 / 2009 08 / 05 / 20092
2009Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2009 08 / 04 / 20096
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 10 / 2010 08 / 22 / 201012
2010Greenland - Nuuk08 / 09 / 2010 08 / 20 / 20108
2010Greenland - Summit07 / 23 / 2010 07 / 29 / 20108
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 18 / 2011 08 / 17 / 201116
2011Greenland - Nuuk08 / 04 / 2011 08 / 30 / 20118
2011Greenland - Summit07 / 19 / 2011 07 / 23 / 20119
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 07 / 2012 08 / 22 / 201216
2012Greenland - NEEM07 / 18 / 2012 07 / 20 / 20121
2012Greenland - Nuuk08 / 04 / 2012 08 / 18 / 20126
2012Greenland - Summit07 / 13 / 2012 07 / 23 / 20129
2013Greenland - Ilulissat08 / 11 / 2013 08 / 14 / 20138
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 03 / 2013 08 / 21 / 201314
2013Greenland - Nuuk08 / 02 / 2013 08 / 11 / 20139
2013Greenland - Summit06 / 04 / 2013 07 / 16 / 20135
2014Greenland - Kangerlussuaq06 / 09 / 2014 08 / 22 / 201411
2014Greenland - Nuuk06 / 30 / 2014 07 / 02 / 20141
2014Greenland - Summit07 / 11 / 2014 07 / 20 / 20141
2015Greenland - Kangerlussuaq05 / 29 / 2015 08 / 08 / 20156
 


Project Title: Collaborative Research: Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric State, and Precipitation at Summit (ICECAPS) (Award# 0856773)

PI: Walden, Von P (v.walden@wsu.edu)
Phone: 0(509) 335.5645  
Institute/Department: Washington State University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering  
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. Erica Key (ekey@nsf.gov )
Discipline(s): | Meteorology and Climate\Atmospheric Radiation | Meteorology and Climate\Cloud Physics |

Project Web Site(s):
Blog: http://polarfield.com/blog/moving-mobile-science-f...
Project: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/arctic/observatories/...
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...
Data: https://arcticdata.io/

Science Summary:
This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This award supports a field campaign that will expand the Arctic Observing Network (AON) by adding cloud, atmosphere, and precipitation measurements, and associated higher-order data products, to Summit, Greenland, at the top of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The proposed instrument suite consists of a cloud radar, two microwave radiometers, an Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, an X-band precipitation sensor, a ceilometer, a micropulse lidar, and a twice-daily radiosonde program. Measurements from this advanced suite of instruments, combined with some ongoing measurements at Summit, will be input for a number of algorithms to produce climatically useful geophysical data products to support GIS-specific and Arctic-wide research. Data products will include: (1) Atmospheric State - temperature and moisture profiles through the troposphere and lower stratosphere; (2) Cloud Macrophysics - cloud occurrence, vertical boundaries, and temperatures; (3) Cloud Microphysics - cloud phase, water content, optical depth, and particle size; (4) Precipitation - precipitation type and rate; and (5) Cloud Radiative Forcing - impact of clouds on the surface radiation balance. Together these products will augment similar data sets that are produced at other locations across the Arctic. It is anticipated and intended that these data sets will be widely used by the broader scientific community to understand the climates of the Greenland Ice Sheet and the broader Arctic Basin and to validate satellite retrievals and model simulations over Greenland. The "Broader Impacts" of this award are numerous. The proposed observations will contribute to the goals of the Study of Arctic Environmental Change (SEARCH). They will be the first of their kind on the Greenland Ice Sheet and will expand the existing, although modest, network of such measurements across the Arctic. Uncertainty in polar cloud properties is a major deficiency in current models of polar climate; the proposed observations of cloud macro- and micro-physics will provide some of the necessary constraints for improving model cloud algorithms. This project will provide important field work and data processing experience for graduate students at the University of Wisconsin, University of Colorado and University of Idaho. In addition, data and experiences from the field program will be integrated into undergraduate coursework at the University of Idaho and summer workshops at the University of Wisconsin.

Logistics Summary:
Researchers on this collaboration between Walden (0856773, U of Idaho), Turner (0904152, U of WI), and Shupe (0856559, CU) will carry out an intensive cloud experiment at Summit with fieldwork from late spring 2010 through late spring 2013. After installing instruments at Summit and initiating the experiments, the researchers will maintain a technician at the station year-round. This technician will monitor project instruments and complete an intensive balloon launch campaign with the assistance of on-site Summit technicians. During 2009 a field team of two will conduct a short reconnaissance trip. In May 2010, a field team of six will deploy to Summit and install a suite of instruments, to be maintained for the duration of the 2010 summer and the 2010-2011 winter by a dedicated science technician. In addition to the core ICECAPS experiments, a LiDAR and Sodar will be added to complement the existing suite of instruments. During 2011 the field team will visit Summit for routine maintenance and to minimize instrument down time during the annual Mobile Science Facility move. The deployments will be split into three different periods with an early season deployment for one researcher mid-April through early May, a short (~4 day) deployment for two researchers mid/late-May, and another short deployment (~4 days) mid-June. The ICECAPS project will continue to support one year-round science technician, who will follow the same seasonal staffing cylcle as the CPS crew (with exception of the summer ICECAPS technician, who will turn over mid season) and comply with all CPS safety and program requirements. For the 2012 field season, the deployments will be split into two different periods with an early season deployment for two researchers late April and a deployment for one researcher mid/late-May. Additional deployments may be necessary if further instrument maintenance is required. The ICECAPS project will continue to support one year-round science technician. The ICECAPS technicians will continue to follow the same seasonal staffing cycle as the CPS crew (with exception of the summer ICECAPS technician, who will turn over mid-season) and comply with all CPS safety and program requirements. Logistical details will be carried under 0856773. Future work for this project can be found under NSF grant 1414314.

CPS will provide ANG coordination for the field team and cargo; coordination and space for one passenger on winter air charters; in-transit user days in Kangerlussuaq; access to the Summit Station infrastructure and services, including construction support for relocating and maintaining the Mobile Science Facility; helium provision, shipment, and staging; early season and late season liquid nitrogen provision and shipment; and science technical services. The PIs will make all other arrangements and pay for them through the grant. NOTE: Support details are contingent on continued funding for the project. If funding is awarded, the scope of CPS support will be adjusted beginning in August 2013 to include provision of radiosondes, balloons, and parachutes for twice daily launches; and staffing of a project specific year-round science technician to support the project.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2009Greenland - Kangerlussuaq07 / 27 / 2009 08 / 06 / 20092
2009Greenland - Summit07 / 29 / 2009 08 / 04 / 20092
2010Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 23 / 2010 12 / 31 / 201010
2010Greenland - Summit05 / 14 / 2010 12 / 31 / 201010
2011Greenland - Kangerlussuaq02 / 03 / 2011 11 / 08 / 201111
2011Greenland - Summit01 / 01 / 2011 12 / 31 / 201111
2012Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 20 / 2012 08 / 17 / 20128
2012Greenland - Summit02 / 03 / 2012 12 / 31 / 201211
2013Greenland - Kangerlussuaq04 / 19 / 2013 08 / 21 / 20136
2013Greenland - Summit04 / 24 / 2013 08 / 19 / 20136
 


Generated from:
 
Parameters used to generate this report:Region = "Greenland", Location = "Summit", Season = "2009", IPY = "ALL" 
     Number of projects returned based on your query parameters = 25
 
ARLSS_ProjectsDetail