Arctic Field Projects



Project Title: Collaborative Research: Sustained Observations of the North Pole Environment to Characterize Ongoing Arctic Change (Award# 0856330)

PI: Morison, James H (morison@apl.washington.edu)
Phone: 0(206) 543.1394 
Institute/Department: U of Washington, Polar Science Center 
IPY Project? NO
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\OPP\ARC\AON
Program Manager: Dr. William Ambrose (wambrose@nsf.gov)
Discipline(s): | Cryosphere\Sea Ice | Oceanography |

Project Web Site(s):
Blog: http://polarfield.com/blog/npeo-2011/
Data: http://psc.apl.washington.edu/northpole/
Data: http://www.aoncadis.org/dataset/org.nsf.aon.cadis....
NSF_Award_Info: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardN...
Data: https://arcticdata.io/

Science Summary:
This award supports the continuation of the aerial hydrographic surveys component of the North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) as part of the Arctic Observing Network (AON) and the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH). During the annual aerial hydrographic surveys a number of tasks will be completed: (1) conductivity/salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen and nutrient profiles will be measured in the water column; (2) water samples will be retrieved and returned to the laboratory for analysis of a variety of tracers [salinity, Ba, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, delta O-18]; and (3) a variety of ice-based drifting instruments will be deployed for other AON projects, including ice mass balance buoys, ice-tethered profilers and atmospheric pressure buoys. The "Intellectual Merit" of NPEO rests on its foundation of successfully tracking change in the air-ice-ocean system since 2000, and obtaining data that will help to answer the question "have a combination of long-term trends and decadal variability driven the Arctic Ocean to the brink of a new seasonal ice regime?" The "Broader Impacts" of NPEO center on enabling the scientific efforts of other investigators, and educating the public about environmental change in the Arctic. NPEO improves the scientific infrastructure by providing scientific data, developing new observational methods, and providing operational field support to other Arctic researchers. NPEO continues to take advantage of the cachet that the North Pole provides for generating many avenues for informal education and outreach. NPEO maintains a Web site, participates in various talks and demonstrations at the annual Polar Science Weekend at Seattle's Pacific Science Center, and will sponsor a booth at the SACNAS (Society for Advancement of Chicanos/Latinos and Native Americans in Science) conference aimed at broadening participation of under-represented groups in careers in environmental science.

Logistics Summary:
This collaborative project involves grants 0856330 (Morison, UW LEAD), 0856808 (Collier, Oregon State) and 0856214 (McPhee, McPhee Research). Researchers will continue studies of environmental change in the North Pole region in April of 2010 through 2014 (and in April 2015 via NSF supplement 1464473). The program has produced a data record describing changes in the central Arctic Ocean over a broad range of time scales. Decadal variability in the ocean has been recorded and enough data has been accumulated to make meaningful comparisons with historical atmospheric and ice conditions. During April of 2010 through 2014, researchers will repeat airborne hydrographic surveys radiating from the North Pole with 10 Airborne eXpendable CTD(AXCTD) probes per year. They will also deploy one Arctic Bottom Pressure Recorder (ABPR). They will retrieve the data from this ABPR and 3 others that are currently deployed, via the hydrographic flyovers. The team will use the logistics chain established in Longyearbyen, Norway, in 2008. Early in April, an advance team will arrive in Norway to establish the logistics operation and stage cargo. Around the second week of April, researchers will begin flying between Longyearbyen and the ice camp, and all operations will be complete before month’s end. In 2010, in addition to the above, researchers will recover the moorings previously placed under the first grant. The PI will serve as Chief Scientist for the projects using the Barneo ice camp, working with the other investigators to prioritize science activities, personnel movement, and cargo in the field. In 2012, projects working under the NPEO umbrella include these NSF-funded efforts: Tim Stanton’s turbulent flux experiment and Jenny Hutchings’ sea-ice deformation work (for which buoy deployments are annually handled by other project researchers); Paty Matrai’s buoy effort (“aka Bigelow”); John Toole’s ice-tethered profiler effort (“aka WHOI”). In 2013, projects working under the NPEO umbrella include these NSF-funded efforts: Tim Stanton’s turbulent flux experiment and Jenny Hutchings’ sea-ice deformation work (for which buoy deployments are annually handled by other project researchers); John Toole’s ice-tethered profiler effort (“aka WHOI”); one researcher conducting work for “DARPA2” project In addition to the NSF-supported work, PI Takahashi Kikuchi of Japan’s Marine Science and Technology Center will conduct research using the NPEO logistics chain in 2012 and 2013. In 2014, projects working under the NPEO umbrella include these NSF-funded efforts: Tim Stanton’s turbulent flux experiment; John Toole’s ice-tethered profiler effort (“aka WHOI”); and Victoria Hill’s solar absorption study. Following the Barneo-based work, a fourteen-year time series of the Transarctic section will be continued by Jamie Morison with Twin Otter assistance between Barneo and CFS Alert. Supplement 1439956 will provide funds for Russian aircraft charters in support of the 2014 NPEO field activities. Under NSF supplement #1464473, in 2015, projects working under the NPEO umbrella include these NSF-funded efforts: Tim Stanton’s turbulent flux experiment (NSF 0856868); and John Toole’s ice-tethered profiler effort (NSF 1303644, aka WHOI).

CPS will provide freight, OAS Twin Otter aircraft charter, fuel, Barneo aircraft landing fees, Barneo user days, and Longyearbyen local support. The PI will pay directly for all other logistics, including Russian aircraft charters and helicopter support.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2010Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 05 / 2010 04 / 30 / 201012
2010Norway - Longyearbyen04 / 05 / 2010 04 / 30 / 201014
2011Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 04 / 2011 04 / 30 / 201111
2011Norway - Longyearbyen04 / 04 / 2011 04 / 30 / 201112
2012Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 05 / 2012 04 / 30 / 20127
2012Norway - Longyearbyen04 / 05 / 2012 04 / 30 / 20127
2013Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 01 / 2013 04 / 22 / 20138
2013Norway - Longyearbyen04 / 01 / 2013 04 / 22 / 20138
2014Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 04 / 2014 04 / 21 / 20147
2014Norway - Longyearbyen03 / 31 / 2014 04 / 21 / 20147
2015Arctic Ocean and Seas - North Pole04 / 09 / 2015 04 / 20 / 20154
2015Norway - Longyearbyen03 / 30 / 2015 04 / 29 / 20155
 


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