Arctic Field Projects

Project Title: NNA Track 2: Collaborative Research: The impact of climate change on Greenland's glacial fjords, ecosystems, and local communities (Award# 1928007)

PI: Straneo, Fiammetta (
Institute/Department: U of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography 
IPY Project?
Funding Agency: US\Federal\NSF\GEO\ICER\NNA
Program Manager: Dr. Colleen Strawhacker (
Discipline(s): | Biology | Education and Outreach | Geological Sciences | Oceanography | Social and Human Sciences |

Project Web Site(s):

Science Summary:
Navigating the New Arctic (NNA) is one of NSF's 10 Big Ideas. NNA projects address convergence scientific challenges in the rapidly changing Arctic. The Arctic research is needed to inform the economy, security and resilience of the Nation, the larger region and the globe. NNA empowers new research partnerships from local to international scales, diversifies the next generation of Arctic researchers, and integrates the co-production of knowledge. This award fulfills part of that aim. Hundreds of glaciers around the Arctic flow into ocean fjords that are several miles wide, tens of miles long, and thousands of feet deep. Glacial meltwater and sediments released into the fjords make their waters nutrient-rich to the extent that glacial fjords, all over the Arctic region, are characterized by prosperous marine ecosystems, featuring a high density of seabirds, marine mammals, and fishes. As a result, many Arctic settlements are located near glacial fjords that, through their ecosystems, support hunting and fishing and contribute to the regional economy. As the Arctic warms, however, glaciers are melting and retreating, and ocean waters are expected to warm, thus affecting these glacial fjord ecosystems and the human communities they support. Within this project, researchers will take advantage of new projections of how the glaciers and the ocean will change, combined with improved understanding of glacial fjords and their ecosystems, to investigate change at two distinct glacial fjords in Greenland. The long-term goal of this project is to provide relevant planning information to the two communities in Greenland and develop a method that can be applied to other communities around the Arctic. The international research team, composed of glaciologists, oceanographers, marine ecosystem scientists, and social scientists, will use available data and hold discussions with community members to identify the relevant socioecological system components and linkages for two glacial fjord systems, one in Northwest Greenland and one in Southeast Greenland. This systems understanding will be combined with glacier and local climate (ocean and atmosphere) projections to determine how climate projections can be optimally utilized for sustainable planning and adaptation. This research will involve synthesis of existing information and co-production of knowledge with the two communities. A final workshop involving Greenland Government officials and other Arctic organizations will be used to develop a framework that can be applied throughout the Arctic.

Logistics Summary:
This planning collaboration between Straneo (1928007, LEAD, UCSD), Little (1927990, AER) and Laidre (1927722, UW) will develop a framework to project future changes in the social-ecological system for two indigenous communities in Greenland that rely heavily on subsistence hunting and fishing: Qaanaaq, in northwest Greenland, and Tasiilaq, in southeast Greenland. During 2020, a project team of 7 will participate in three workshops in Nuuk, Qaanaaq and Tasiilaq. The project team members will travel to Tasiilaq and to Qaanaaq for a week-long meeting with each community. The team will present the background information gathered in phase 1 to the communities and hold open discussions and information sessions to gather input from community members, hunters and elders about their information needs going forward under climate change, including key issues they are concerned about or areas of scientific focus that would be most useful to their local economies and living resource needs. Discussions will include presentations of climate and ice sheet model projections and an example of the more regional projections which could be obtained as part of the track 1 effort. Using these preliminary projections, and a demonstration of more detailed projections to be obtained in the future, the Project Team will work with members from the local community to outline the human- natural system for their community in relation to ecosystem services provided by the glacial fjord region. In the final phase, a week-long synthesis workshop will be held at the Greenland Climate Research Center in Nuuk after the community meetings. During this workshop, the natural system knowledge will be combined from the knowledge gained from the exchanges from the community to: i) finalize the social-ecological system description for each community ii) identify gaps in understanding of the critical processes and linkages in the system identified in i) iii) determine a research and communication strategy to fill the knowledge gaps. During this meeting researchers will formulate a plan on how to move forward and define the path for a track 1 NNA proposal.

All logistics will be organized by the researchers and paid through the grant.
SeasonField SiteDate InDate Out#People
2020Greenland - Nuuk09 / 01 / 2020 09 / 07 / 20207
2020Greenland - Qaanaaq06 / 08 / 2020 06 / 15 / 20207
2020Greenland - Tasiilaq06 / 01 / 2020 06 / 07 / 20207

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Parameters used to generate this report:, Grant# = "1928007", IPY = "ALL" 
     Number of projects returned based on your query parameters = 1